Coptic Language - Sentential Syntax

Sentential Syntax

This section requires expansion.

Coptic typically shows subject–verbobject (SVO) word order, as in the following examples:

A tə-kʲamaule mise ən-u-ʃeːre ən-shime
perfective def:fem:sg-camel deliver.abs prep-indef:sg-girl link-woman
'The she-camel delivered a daughter.'
Pə-tʲoeis na-krine ən-nə-laos
def:m:sg-lord fut-judge prep-def:pl-people
'The Lord will judge the people.'
A-i-kʲine əm-p-a-eioːt
perfective-1sg-find.abs prep-def:masc:sg-1sg-father
'I found my father.'

The verbs in these sentences are in the absolute state grade (Reintges 2010:208), which requires that its direct object be introduced with the preposition /ən, əm/. This preposition functions like accusative case.

There is also an alternative nominal state grade of the verb in which the direct object of the verb follows with no preposition:

a-i-kʲən p-a-eioːt
perfective-1sg-find.nom def:masc:sg-1sg-father
'I found my father.'

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