Copper Hoard Culture

Copper Hoards describe find-complexes which occur in the northern part of India. These occur mostly in hoards large and small and are believed to date to the 2nd millennium BC, although very few derive from controlled and dateable excavation contexts. A fragment of an anthropomorph came to light in controlled excavations at Lothal, Dist. Ahmedabad and a second one at Saipai Lichchwai, Tehsil Etawah, Dist. Etawah, U.P. The doab hoards are associated with the so-called Ochre Coloured Pottery (OCP). As early as the 19th century, stray hoard objects became known and established themselves as an important find group in the two-river land of northern India. The dating is unclear. These hoard artefacts are a main manifestation of the archaeology of India during the metals age. More hoard finds bear the provenance Rewari than any other place in India. These are deposited in the Kanya Gurukul museum in Narela/Haryana.

Four regional find-groups are identifiable: South Haryana/North Rajasthan, the Ganges/Jamuna plain, Chota Nagpur und Madhya Pradesh, with their characteristic find-types.

Characteristic hoard finds from South Haryana/North Rajasthan include flat axes, harpoons, double axes, swords with so-called antenna grips and others. In the Ganges-Jumna Doab related types occur. Those from Chota Nagpur differ entirely fropm these. They include finely worked pieces, but mostly look at first like axe-heads but are probably ingots.

Since most show no clear signs of antique use-wear and often are over-sized, they appear to be dedicatory and not use-implements. If those of the Chota Nagpur group are simply ingots, the reason for the axe-like form requires explanation.

The copper ore derives from different ore ranges in Rajasthan(Khetri), Bihar/West Bengal/Orissa (especially Singhbhum) as well as Madhya Pradesh (Malanjkhand).

Hoard objects contain from 71-99% copper. A few contain up to 32.9% iron. Artefacts from Haryana show the greatest chemical variation. Those from Ghangharia are chemically the most homogeneous. Such variations are considered to be unintentional.

Other articles related to "copper hoard culture, copper hoard, copper hoards":

History Of Uttar Pradesh - Prehistoric Period - Copper Hoard Culture
... The Copper Hoard Culture flourished around 2000 BC around Western and Central Uttar Pradesh ... Recent discovery of copper hoard in district Auraiya of Uttar Pradesh ... Since 1822, when a copper hoard was discovered in Bithoor around a 100 more copper hoards have been found in different places mainly in western UP, Haryana and Rajasthan ...

Famous quotes containing the words hoard culture, culture, copper and/or hoard:

    One ought not to hoard culture. It should be adapted and infused into society as a leaven. Liberality of culture does not mean illiberality of its benefits.
    Wallace Stevens (1879–1955)

    The highest end of government is the culture of men.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    He had put, within his reach,
    A box of counters and a red-veined stone,
    A piece of glass abraded by the beach,
    And six or seven shells,
    A bottle with bluebells,
    And two French copper coins, ranged there with careful art,
    Coventry Kersey Dighton Patmore (1823–1896)

    One ought not to hoard culture. It should be adapted and infused into society as a leaven. Liberality of culture does not mean illiberality of its benefits.
    Wallace Stevens (1879–1955)