Historical Conservative Strains
While many of the Conservative theorists are labelled "political romantics" (most notably by Carl Schmitt, himself a conservative), at least four strains are distinguishable before 1945:
- Status-quo-ante-Conservative and Romantic Conservatives, who wanted to restore the medieval as it was prior to the French Revolution. Notable theorists are Novalis, Friedrich Schelling, Karl Ludwig von Haller and Adam Müller.
- Conservative Journalism defends the status quo of Metternichs System (the Restoration) and nationalistic Conservatism. Notable theorists include Friedrich von Gentz, Friedrich Schlegel and Ernst Moritz Arndt.
- Conservative writing in defense of the (constitutional) Monarchy in Germany included theorists Hegel, Stein and Friedrich Julius Stahl.
- The Conservative Revolution and pre-Nazi radicals, such as Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, Oswald Spengler (adding pessimism and cultural conservatism) and Carl Schmitt.
Also included are the anti-Enlightenment romanticism of Friedrich Nietzsche, the conservative realpolitik and statecraft of Otto von Bismarck and the anti-republican monarchism of the German National People's Party during the Weimar Republic.
Read more about this topic: Conservatism In Germany
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