A connectome is a comprehensive map of neural connections in the brain.

The production and study of connectomes, known as connectomics, may range in scale from a detailed map of the full set of neurons and synapses within part or all of the nervous system of an organism to a macro scale description of the functional and structural connectivity between all cortical areas and subcortical structures. The term "connectome" is used primarily in scientific efforts to capture, map, and understand the organization of neural interactions within the brain. One such effort is the Human Connectome Project, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, whose focus is to build a network map of the human brain in healthy, living adults. Another was the successful reconstruction of all neural and synaptic connections in C. elegans (White et al., 1986, Varshney et al., 2011). Partial connectomes of a mouse retina and mouse primary visual cortex have also been successfully reconstructed. Bock et al.'s complete 12TB data set is publicly available at Open Connectome Project.

Read more about Connectome:  Origin and Usage of The Term "connectome", The Connectome At Multiple Scales, Mapping The Connectome At The Cellular Level, Mapping The Connectome At The Macro Scale, Mapping Functional Connectivity To Complement Anatomical Connectivity

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Connectome - Mapping Functional Connectivity To Complement Anatomical Connectivity
... MRI (fMRI) in the resting state and during tasks, functions of the connectome circuits are being studied ...