The Connecticut Line was a formation within the Continental Army. The term "Connecticut Line" referred to the quota of numbered infantry regiments assigned to Connecticut at various times by the Continental Congress, the size of its allocation determined by the size of its population in relative to that of other states. These, together with similarly apportioned contingents from the other twelve states, formed the Continental Line. The concept was particularly important in relation to the promotion of commissioned officers. Officers of the Continental Army below the rank of brigadier general were ordinarily ineligible for promotion except in the line of their own state.
In the course of the war, 27 infantry regiments were assigned to the Connecticut Line. This included the eight provincial regiments of 1775, Wooster's Provisional Regiment (formed by consolidation of the remnants of the original 1st, 4th, and 5th Regiments), the five numbered Continental regiments of 1776, the eight Connecticut regiments of 1777, S.B. Webb's Additional Continental Regiment, which later became the 9th Connecticut Regiment, and four new regiments created by consolidation in 1781.
Not all Continental infantry regiments raised in a state were part of a state quota, however. On December 27, 1776, the Continental Congress gave Washington temporary control over certain military decisions that the Congress ordinarily regarded as its own prerogative. These “dictatorial powers” included the authority to raise sixteen additional Continental infantry regiments at large.
Early in 1777, Washington offered command of one of these additional regiments to Samuel Blatchley Webb, who accepted. Webb had formerly served as one of Washington’s personal aides. Webb’s Regiment was allotted to the Connecticut Line on July 24, 1780, and officially designated the 9th Connecticut Regiment. The 9th Connecticut Regiment was consolidated with the 2d Connecticut Regiment on January 1, 1781.
Half of Sherburne’s Additional Continental Regiment was drawn Rhode Island and half from Connecticut.
Still other Continental infantry regiments and smaller units, also unrelated to a state quota, were raised as needed for special or temporary service. Elmore's Regiment, raised in 1776 for the defense of Canada, was an example of such an “extra” regiment.
Read more about Connecticut Line: Connecticut Provincial Regiments, 1775, Numbered Continental Regiments, 1776, Connecticut Line, 1777, Reorganization of The Connecticut Line, 1778-1779, Reorganization of The Connecticut Line, 1781, Demobilization of The Connecticut Line
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... Route From To mi km Assigned Deleted Description 01 US 1 New Jersey line at Manhattan Connecticut line at Port Chester A10021.69 !21.69 A10,034.91} !34.91 1926 — US 1 crosses the Hudson River from New Jersey via. 02 US 2 Rouses Point Vermont line at Rouses Point A10000.88 !0.88 A10,001.42} !1.42 1930 — US 2 begins at US 11 in Rouses Point and crosses into Vermont while traversing the Richelieu. 04 US 4 East Greenbush Vermont state line at Hampton A10079.75 !79.75 A10,128.35} !128.35 1926 — US 4 begins at US 9 and US 20 in East Greenbush and follows ...
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