Connacht - History - Connacht in The Annals of Ulster - References 1041-1131

References 1041-1131

A variety of annals and chronicles were kept in Ireland from c. 500 A.D. onwards. The following are extracts from the Annals of Ulster concerning the Connacht region from 1041 to 1166.

  • 1041. The events indeed are numerous, killings and deaths and raids and battles. No one can relate them all, but a few of the many are given so that the age in which the various people lived may be known through them.
  • 1043. Cathal son of Ruaidrí, king of the west of Connacht, died in Ard Macha on pilgrimage.
  • 1044. The Cleric ua Conchobuir was killed.
  • 1046. Art ua Ruairc, king of Connacht, was killed by the Cenél Conaill.
  • 1047. A great snowfall this year from the Feast of Mary in the winter 8 Dec. to the Feast of Patrick 17 March, the like of which was never experienced before, and it caused the death of many people and cattle and sea-beasts and birds. Niall ua Ruairc was killed by ua Conchobuir.
  • 1048. Mael Fábaill ua hEidinn, king of Uí Fiachrach Aidni, died.
  • 1050. (Cluain Moccu Nóis was thrice plundered in one period of three months, once by the Síl Anmchada and twice by the Calraige with the Sinnaig.)
  • 1051. Amalgaid mac Cathal, king of the west of Connacht, was blinded by Aed ua Conchobuir.
  • 1052. Domnall Bán ua Briain was killed by the Connachta.
  • 1053. Mac na hAidche ua Ruairc, heir designate of Connacht, was killed by Diarmait ua Cuinn on Inis Locha Arbach. ... Murchad ua Beolláin, superior of Druim Cliabh—all fell asleep in peace. Lochlainn's son and the men of Mag Itha made a raid on the Cenél Binnig of Loch Drochait, and took away three hundred cows and killed Dub Emna son of Cinaed, prior of Cluain Fiachna, and Cú Macha son of Cleirchén, steward of the Dál Cais.
  • 1054. Aed son of Ceinnétig son of Donn Cuan, chief of Clann Tairdelbaig, was killed by the Connachta.
  • 1055. Domnall Ruad ua Briain was killed by ua hEidinn.
  • 1056. Tadc son of the Cleric ua Conchobuir was killed by the Uí Maine.
  • 1057. Domnall Ua Ruairc was killed by Domnall son of Mael Ruanaid, king of Fir Manach.
  • 1059. Aed Ua Dubda, king of Uí Amalgada, was killed by his own people. Cathal mac Tigernán, king of the west of Connacht, Congalach ua Riacáin, heir designate of Temair, Duarcán ua hEgra, king of Luigne, Gilla Coeimgein son of Gilla Comgaill, heir designate of Laigin, were killed. Tomaltach Ua Maíl Brénainn, chief of Síl Muiredaigh, died.
  • 1061. An army was led by Aed ua Conchobuir to Cenn Corad, and he razed the fortress and stopped up the well.
  • 1062. Rúaidhri Ua Flaithbheartaigh, king of the west of Connacht, was killed in battle by Aed ua Conchobuir. Tadg son of Aed ua Conchobuir was treacherously killed by the Clann Choscraigh and the west of Connacht. A raid was made by Ardgar mac Lochlainn into the province of Connacht, and they carried off six thousand cows and a thousand people.
  • 1063. A great billeting was imposed by Lochlainn's son from Glenn Suilidhe west to the west of Luigne and to Muaidh Ua nAmalgaidh, where the kings of all Connacht came into his house, including Aed ua Concobuir and Aed grandson of Niall ua Ruairc and the son of Art ua Ruairc. The cave of Aill in Cera was taken by the Connachta against the followers of Aed ua Concobuir, and one hundred and sixty were stifled therein.
  • 1065. The son of Tadc ua Cellaigh, king of Uí Mhaine, and ua Flaithbhertaigh, king of the west of Connacht, were killed by Aed ua Conchobuir.
  • 1066. Aed ua Ruairc, king of Uí Briúin, died immediately after plundering the shrine of Patrick. Cellach son of Muirchertach ua Cellaigh, Gilla Braite, king of Uí Briúin, the son of Senán, king of Gaileng, Gilla Moninne son of Aed son of the grandson of Ualgarg, were killed. A great harvest of nuts in all Ireland, so that it hindered the rivers.
  • 1067. A hosting by Tairdelbach ua Briain to Loch Cime, and ua Conchobuir, king of Ciarraige Luachra, was killed on the hosting. Aed ua Conchobuir, i.e., Aed of the gapped spear, overlong of the province of Connacht, valiant steersman of Leth Cuinn, was killed by the Conmaicne in a battle in which many fell, and Aed ua Concenaind, king of Uí Díarmata and many others with them, i.e., by Aed son of Art Uallach ua Ruairc in the battle of Turloch Adhnach.
  • Seven and sixty years, no trifle/And a thousand, a great virtue/From the birth of Christ, no perverse sway/Until Aed king of Connacht fell.
  • 1076. An army was led by Tairdelbach into Connachta, and the king of Connacht, i.e., Ruaidrí ua Conchobuir, came into his house.
  • 1078. Domnall grandson of Tigernán, king of Conmaicne ... killed.
  • 1079. Cellach ua Ruanada, chief ollav of Ireland ... the son of Conn, head of the poor of Cluain Moccu Nóis, rested in peace.
  • 1082. Gilla Críst Ua Maelfabhaill, king of Carraic Brachaidhe, Finnchad son of Amalgaidh, chief of Clann Bresail, Domnall son of Conchobor ua Briain, Cathal son of Aed ua Conchobuir, Flaithbertach ua Maeladúin, king of Lorg, Uidrín son of Mael Muire, chief of Cenél Feradaigh—all were killed. (Domnall son of Tadc ua Conchobuir, heir designate of Connacht, was treacherously killed by Cathal ua Conchobuir. Cathal ua Conchobuir, with a great company, fell in battle by Ruaidrí ua Conchobuir.)
  • 1084. Donnchad ua Mael Ruanaid, harrier of the churches, was killed, both body and soul, by the men of Lurg. The defeat of Móin Cruinneoici was inflicted by Leth Moga on Donnchad ua Ruairc, and in it fell ua Ruairc, i.e., Donnchad son of Cailech ua Ruairc and Ceinnétigh ua Briain and many others on the fourteenth of the Kalends of November 19 Oct.
  • 1085. Murchad ua Maeldoraid, king of Cenél Conaill, Domnall son of Mael Coluim, king of Scotland, Muiredach son of Ruaidrí ua Ruadacán, Ualgarc ua Ruairc, heir designate of Connacht, Aengus ua Caíndelbáin, king of Loegaire, ended their life unhappily.
  • 1087. A battle i.e., in Corann between Ruaidrí ua Concobuir, king of Connacht, and Aed ua Ruairc, king of Conmaicne, in which fell Aed, king of Conmaicne, and the nobles of Conmaicne. A sea expedition by the grandsons of Ragnall and by the son of the king of Ulaid into Man, and in it fell the grandsons of Ragnall. A great harvest of mast in this year.
  • 1088. An army was led by Domnall grandson of Lochlainn, king of Ailech, into Connacht, and Ruaidrí gave the hostages of Connacht to him, and they went together into Mumu and burned Luimnech and the plain as far as Dún Ached, and they brought away the head of the son of Cailech, and they razed Cenn Coradh and so on. Tigernach ua Broein, superior of Cluain Moccu Nóis, rested in Christ. In this year was born Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir, king of Ireland.
  • 1090. Taithlech ua hEgra was taken prisoner.
  • 1091. The son of Aed son of Ruaidrí, king of the west of Connacht, died. This was a fruitful year with good weather.
  • 1092. The pious man ua Fallomhain of the Connachtmen was drowned. Cluain Moccu Nóis was ravaged by the men of Mumu. Ruaidrí ua Conchobuir, over-king of Connacht, was blinded by Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh in treachery. Connmach ua Cairill, noble bishop of Connacht, rested.
  • 1093. The Síl Muiredaigh were expelled from Connacht by Muirchertach ua Briain. The Síl Muiredaigh were back in Connacht without permission. A great harvest of mast in this year.
  • 1094. A defeat was inflicted by the Síl Muiredaigh on Tuadmumu, in which fell three hundred or a little more. Extremely bad weather throughout Ireland, which gave rise to want. The battle of Fidnach in which half of the west of Connacht fell and half of Corcomruad, by Tadc son of Ruaidrí ua Conchobuir.
  • 1095. Great snow fell the Wednesday 3rd after the first of January, and killed men and birds and beasts. Gilla Ciarán grandson of Ualgarg, chief of Uí Duibinnrecht, was killed by his own people. A great sickness in Ireland that killed many people, lasting from the first of August until the following May Day—i.e., the year of the mortality.
  • 1096. Great fear seized the men of Ireland before the feast of John in this year, and God protected them through the fasts of the successor of Patrick and the other clerics of Ireland. Matudán ua Matudán, king of Síol Anmchadha, died. Gilla Ossén grandson of Cortén, king of Delbna, was killed.
  • 1097. Tadc son of Ruaidrí ua Conchobuir, heir designate of Connacht, was killed by his own people. Flannacán Ruadh, superior of Ros Comáin, rested in peace. A great harvest of nuts in this year: thirty years since the other harvest of nuts to this harvest, i.e., the year of the white nuts, i.e., a ‘sixth’ of nuts could be had for one penny.
  • 1098. Flaithbertach ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the west of Connacht, was killed by the Síl Muiredaigh. In this year Aed ua Maeileoin, successor of Ciarán of CIuain Moccu Nóis, was born.
  • 1099. A great epidemic throughout all Ireland.
  • 1102. Domnall son of Tigernán ua Ruairc, king of Conmaicne, was killed by the Conmaicne themselves.
  • 1103. A great war between the Cenél Eogain and the Ulaid, and Muirchertach ua Briain came with the men of Mumu and Laigin and Osraige and with the nobles of Connacht and the men of Mide with their kings to Mag Coba to assist the Ulaid.
  • 1104. Mac na hAidche ua Ruairc was killed by his brothers.
  • 1105. Niall Odar ua Conchobuir was killed. Muirgius ua Conchenaind died.
  • 1107. Snow fell for a day and a night on the Wednesday 13 March before the feast of Patrick, and inflicted slaughter on beasts in Ireland. Much wet and bad weather in this year, and it ruined the corn.
  • 1108. Cellach, successor of Patrick, was on a visitation of Connacht for the first time, and brought away his full dues. Aengus ua Cléirchén, steward of Dál Cais ... died. A great wind came on the third of the Nones 3 September. A great harvest of oakmast throughout all Ireland. A fruitful year with good weather and plenty of corn and mast this year.
  • 1110. Flann Ua Aedha, successor of Énna of Ára, died. A raid was made by Domnall ua Lochlainn into Connacht, and he brought away a thousand prisoners and many thousand cows or cattle. The defeat of Ros facing Cruachain was inflicted by the Síl Muiredaigh on the Conmaicne, and in it fell the three ua Fergaile and many nobles also. A defeat was inflicted by the Conmaicne on the Síl Muiredaigh, i.e., the defeat of Mag Brengair.
  • 1111. Very bad weather in the form of frost and snow, and it inflicted slaughter on domestic and wild beasts.
  • 1113. A ball of fire came on the night of the feast of Patrick 17 March on Cruachain Aighle, and destroyed thirty of those fasting.
  • 1114. Mael Coluim Ua Cormacán, successor of Énna of Ára ... rested in peace. An army was brought by Domnall Ua Lochlainn to Rath Cennaigh, and Eochaid ua Mathgamna with the Ulaid came into his house, and Donnchad ua Loingsigh with the Dal Araidhe and Aed Ua Ruairc with the men of Bréifne and Murchad ua Mael Sechlainn with the men of Mide. They went thereafter together over Áth Luain to Dún Leodha, and Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir with the Connachta, and Niall ua Lochlainn, his own son, with the Cenél Conaill, joined his assembly. They all went thereafter to Telach ua nDedaigh in Dál Cais, and they and the men of Mumu made a year's truce. Domnall ua Lochlainn returned home through Connacht.
  • 1115. Extremely bad weather in the form of frost and snow from the fifth of the Kalends of January 28 Dec. to the fifteenth of the Kalends of March 15 Feb., or a little longer, and it inflicted slaughter on birds and beasts and men, and from this great want arose throughout all Ireland, and particularly in Laigin. An attack was made on the grandsons of Aed son of Ruaidrí including Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir, king of Connacht, i.e., at Áth Bó, and they were maimed, and he was dangerously wounded. A great raid was made by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir and the Connachta, and they plundered as far as Luimnech, i.e., Tuadmumu, and brought away countless cattle and many captives.
  • 1116. Cellach, successor of Patrick, was on a visitation of Connacht for the second time, and brought away his full visitation. There was a great pestilence; hunger was so widespread in Leth Moga, both among Laigin and Munstermen, that it emptied churches and forts and states, and spread through Ireland and over sea, and inflicted destruction of staggering extent.
  • 1117. Cathusach Ua Cnaill, noble bishop of Connacht, fell asleep in Christ. Mael Brigte son of Rónán, coarb of Cenannas, was killed by Aed ua Ruairc and the Uí Briúin, with a slaughter of the community of Cenannas, on the vigil of Domnach Crom Duban. ‘The face of the Lord be against those committing these wickednesses, that He may wipe out their memory from the earth.’ Ps. 33, 17. A battle, i.e., the battle of Lecan, was fought by Brian son of Murchad and the grandsons of Cathal ua Conchobuir with the Connachtmen against Tairdelbach son of Diarmait and the Dál Cais, and the Dál Cais were defeated and slaughter inflicted on them. Cathusach ua Cnaill, noble bishop of Connacht ... Muiredach Ua hÉnlainge, bishop of Cluain Ferta of Brénainn ... all fell asleep in Christ.
  • 1118. An army was brought by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir, king of Connacht, and Murchad ua Mael Sechlainn, king of Temair, along with him, and Aed ua Ruairc, into Mumu until they reached Glenn Maghair, and they gave Desmumu to Mac Carrthaigh and Tuadmumu to the sons of Diarmait; and took the hostages of both. Another army was brought by him to Áth Cliath and he brought away the son of the king of Temair who was in the possession of the foreigners, and the hostages of the foreigners themselves, and the hostages of the Laigin and Osraige. Ruaidrí ua Conchobuir, king of Connacht for a long time, died on pilgrimage in the twenty-sixth year after being blinded.
  • 1119. Cenn Corad was razed by the Connachta.
  • 1120. An army was brought by Domnall ua Lochlainn to Áth Luain to assist Murchad ua Mael Sechlainn against Connacht, and Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir made a false peace with them. Conchobor son of Flannacán son of Donnchuan, chief of Muinter Birn, was wounded in Sliab Fuait by the Uí Chremthainn, and died of it.
  • 1121. An army was brought by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir and the province of Connacht into Desmumu and they plundered from Mag Feimin to Tráigh Lí, both laity and churches, i.e., seventy churches or a little more. A plundering army was brought by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir into Desmumu also and he plundered the termon of Lis Mór and brought away a countless spoil of cattle, and left behind dead Muireadhach Ua Flaithbheartaigh, king of the west of Connacht, and Aodh Ua hEidhin, king of Uí Fiachrach.
  • 1121. A great wind came on the Nones 5 December and cast the cone from the bell-tower of Ard Macha and wrought great destruction of woods throughout all Ireland.
  • 1122. Aed ua Ruairc, king of Conmaicne, fell by the men of Mide when taking a spoil from them. An army was led by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir to Loch Silech in Mide, and the son of Murchad, king of the Laigin and the foreigners, came into his house. Mór, daughter of Domnall ua Lochlainn, wife of Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir, died.
  • 1124. The hostages of Desmumu were killed by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir, i.e., Mael Sechlainn son of Cormac grandson of Carrthach, king of Caisel, and ua Ciarmaic from Áine, and ua Cobthaigh of the Uí Cuanach of Cnámchaill.
  • 1125. An army was led by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir into Mide, and he expelled Murchad ua Mael Sechlainn from his kingship, and set three kings over the men of Mide. Domnall son of Murchad, however, killed one of the three kings within nine days, i.e., Mael Sechlainn son of Donnchad.
  • 1126. An army was led by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir into Laigin, and he took their hostages. Mael Ísu ua Coinne, eminent among the Irish in history and law and the order of Patrick, after excellent penitence, rested in Christ. Domnall ua Dubdai was drowned after carrying out a raid into Tír Conaill. The royal journey of Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir to Áth Cliath, and he gave the kingship of Áth Cliath and Laigin to his son, i.e., to Conchobor. A storm of great war in Ireland, so that the successor of Patrick had to be away from Ard Macha for a month and a year pacifying the men of Ireland, and bringing everyone, both laity and clergy, to uprightness and good conduct. A plundering army was brought by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir into Desmumu, and he plundered Glenn Maghair and brought away a countless spoil of cattle.
  • 1127. An army was led by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir into Desmumu, and he plundered Corcach Mór of Mumu and brought away the hostages of all Mumu. The men of Mumu and Laigin turned again on Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir and they forfeited the lives of their hostages, and his son was deposed by the Laigin and the foreigners; for he set another king over them, i.e., Domnall grandson of Faelán. Tailltiu, daughter of Murchad ua Mael Sechlainn, wife of Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir, died. Gilla Críst ua Maoileoin, successor of Ciarán of Cluain Moccu Nóis, happiness and prosperity of the superiors of the churches of Ireland, rested in Christ.
  • 1128. A defeat was inflicted by the horsemen of Conchobor grandson of Lochlainn on the horsemen of Tigernán ua Ruairc, and in it fell ua Ciarda, king of Cairpre, and Cathal ua Roghallaigh, and Sitriuc ua Mael brigte, and the son of Aed ua Dubda, king of Uí Amalgadha, and many others. Muirgius ua Nioc, superior of Tuaim dá Gualann for a time, died in Inis in Ghaill. A detestable and unprecedented deed of evil consequence, that merited the curse of the men of Ireland, both laity and clergy, and of which the like was not previously found in Ireland, was committed by Tigernán ua Ruairc and the Uí Briúin, i.e., the successor of Patrick was insulted to his face, that is, his company was robbed and some of them killed, and a young cleric of his own household that was in a cuilebadh was killed there. The aftermath that came of that misdeed is that there exists in Ireland no protection that is secure for anyone henceforth until that evil deed is avenged by God and man. The insult offered to the successor of Patrick is as an insult to the Lord, for the Lord Himself said in the Gospel: 'He who despiseth you despiseth me, He who despiseth me despiseth Him who sent me.' Luke 10, 4. A raid was made by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir into Laigin, and he plundered Loch Garman; thence he passed around Laigin to Áth Cliath, and destroyed many cattle along that way; from Áth Cliath he went to his house again. The disrepute of that expedition lies on Tigernán ua Ruairc. A raid was made by Maghnus and the men of Fernmag into Tír Briúin, and they took great booty. Tigernán with the Uí Briúin and a number of others overtake them at Áth Fhirdiadh. Battle is given between them, and Tigernán and the Uí Briúin are defeated, and three or four hundred of them are killed, for the honour of Patrick. A year and a half's peace or a little more was made by the successor of Patrick between the Connachta and the men of Mumu.
  • 1129. The castle of Áth Luain was built by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir.
  • 1130. Amhlaíb grandson of Senán, king of Gailenga, i.e., 'Wet Cowl', Aengus ua Caíndelbaín, king of Loegaire, and many other nobles fell by the men of Bréifne at Sliab Guaire. A great harvest of every fruit throughout Ireland generally this year.
  • 1131. A raiding expedition was made by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir and the province of Connacht into Mumu and they plundered Uí Conaill Gabra. An army was brought by Conchobor ua Briain and the men of Mumu into Laigin and they took their hostages, and thence into Mide, and they plundered Inis Locha Seimdide, and their horsemen and the horsemen of Connacht met, and the horsemen of Connacht were defeated.

The years 1132 to 1155 are missing from all extant editions of the Annals of Ulster.

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