The Congested Districts Board for Ireland was established by the Chief Secretary, Arthur Balfour in 1891 to alleviate poverty and congested living conditions in the west of Ireland.
William Lawson Micks worked with the Congested Districts Board (CDB) for the full term of its existence, first as Secretary and from 1909 as a member. The board was dissolved in 1923 and its staff was absorbed into the Irish Land Commission when its functions were assumed by the Department of Fisheries and Rural Industries.
The CDB was part of the Conservative policy of 'Constructive Unionism' or 'killing Home Rule with kindness'. The purpose of the CDB was to alleviate poverty by paying for public works, such as building piers for small ports on the west coast, to assist fishing, modernising farming methods or sponsoring local factories to give employment and stop emigration from Ireland - the wider effect would see indigenous (and non-Government funded) initiatives such as the Aran Sweater Market, Aran Islands being established which to this day provides Aran knitwear on a commercial basis using local skilled knitters & designers. Regions under the Board's authority were areas where the rateable valuation was less than 30 shillings. The entire area which was so categorised came to 3,500,000 acres (14,000 km2) in 1901 with a population of 500,000.
Funds for the CDB came from the Church of Ireland but by 1912, other funds had been allocated and its assets totalled £530,000 (equivalent to £40 million at 2010 values).
Following the Wyndham Act of 1903, the CDB was authorised to purchase extra land from large estates to enlarge the small holdings of tenants. In 1909, it was granted compulsory powers of purchase and began redistributing over 1,000 estates totalling 2,000,000 acres (8,100 km2).
It was acutely criticised by the nationalist Frank Hugh O'Donnell in 1908. O'Donnell considered that the CDB that was run by local Catholic priests, was not properly supervised by the government and was being used to fund church projects such as Industrial schools where the young workers were underpaid. He felt that capital loaned to real businesses would be more effective than advancing the money to parish councils run by priests. He considered that the £100,000 paid to build St Eunan's College and the Cathedral of St. Eunan and St Columba in Letterkenny was too great a burden for its 2,000 inhabitants, and found that the CDB head Bishop O'Donnell had indirectly applied grants towards the buildings.
One legacy of the CDP was the Co-Operative Movement which was founded by Sir Horace Plunkett who had been shocked by his experiences working as a member of the first Board.
Read more about Congested Districts Board For Ireland: Modern Assessment
Other articles related to "congested districts board for ireland, board, ireland":
... Society evaluated the CDB in the following words "The Board's promise, in short, generally far exceeded its promise" (p.129) ... out that the CDB invested heavily in uneconomic projects in the west of Ireland, projects that floundered once they stopped being subsidized ... As a result, the flow of emigration from the west of Ireland was not converted into internal migration to the more developed east, as might have been hoped ...
Famous quotes containing the words ireland, board, districts and/or congested:
“They call them the haunted shores, these stretches of Devonshire and Cornwall and Ireland which rear up against the westward ocean. Mists gather here, and sea fog, and eerie stories. Thats not because there are more ghosts here than in other places, mind you. Its just that people who live hereabouts are strangely aware of them.”
—Dodie Smith, and Lewis Allen. Roderick Fitzgerald (Ray Milland)
“What happens in a strike happens not to one person alone.... It is a crisis with meaning and potency for all and prophetic of a future. The elements in crisis are the same, there is a fermentation that is identical. The elements are these: a body of men, women and children, hungry; an organization of feudal employers out to break the back of unionization; and the government Labor Board sent to negotiate between this hunger and this greed.”
—Meridel Le Sueur (b. 1900)
“Cities need old buildings so badly it is probably impossible for vigorous streets and districts to grow without them.... for really new ideas of any kindno matter how ultimately profitable or otherwise successful some of them might prove to bethere is no leeway for such chancy trial, error and experimentation in the high-overhead economy of new construction. Old ideas can sometimes use new buildings. New ideas must use old buildings.”
—Jane Jacobs (b. 1916)
“O cant you see, brother
Deaths a congested road for fighters now,
and hero a cheap label.”
—C.D. Andrews (19131992)