Community psychology studies the individuals' contexts within communities and the wider society, and the relationships of the individual to communities and society. Community psychologists seek to understand the quality of life of individuals, communities, and society. Their aim is to enhance quality of life through collaborative research and action.
Community psychology employ various perspectives within and outside of psychology to address issues of communities, the relationships within them, and related people's attitudes and behaviour.
Rappaport (1977) discusses the perspective of community psychology as an ecological perspective on the person–environment fit (this is often related to work environments) being the focus of study and action instead of attempting to change the personality of individual or the environment when an individual is seen as having a problem.
Closely related disciplines include ecological psychology, environmental psychology, cross-cultural psychology, social psychology, political science, public health, sociology, social work, and community development.
Community psychology grew out of the community mental health movement, but evolved dramatically as early practitioners incorporated their understandings of political structures and other community contexts into perspectives on client services.
Other articles related to "community psychology, psychology, community":
... For information about Education in Community Psychology Many programs related to community psychology are housed in psychology departments, while others are interdisciplinary ... Students earning a community psychology degree complete courses that focus on history and concepts of the field, human diversity and cultural competence, public health, community research methods and statistics ... of both the PhD and masters degrees, as community psychologists base interventions on theory and research and use action-oriented research to promote positive change ...
... Ignacio Martín-Baró had opposed the introduction of community psychology to El Salvador, on the basis of the ameliorative approach and limited social perspective of then dominant ... Nevertheless, community psychology, and especially the Latin American variants (typically termed community social psychology) is one of the areas most imfluenced by the concepts of liberation psychology ...
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