The colonization of Mars by humans is the focus of serious study because surface conditions, such as the availability of frozen ground water, make it the most hospitable planet in the solar system other than Earth. While the Moon due to its close proximity has been proposed as the first location for human colonization, lunar gravity is only 16% that of Earth's while Martian gravity is a more substantial 38%. There is more water present on Mars than the Moon, and Mars has a thin atmosphere. These factors give Mars a greater potential capacity to host organic life and human colonisation.
Both the Moon and Mars, as potential settlement sites, have the disadvantages of cost and risk associated with landing within gravity wells, which may make asteroids another option for early expansion of humans into the solar system.
Read more about Colonization Of Mars: Relative Similarity To Earth, Differences From Earth, Conditions For Human Habitation, Radiation, Communication, Robotic Precursors, Early Human Missions, Economics, Advocacy, Concerns, In Fiction
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... A few instances in fiction provide detailed descriptions of Mars colonization ... They include Aria by Kozue Amano Axis by Robert Charles Wilson Icehenge (1985), the Mars trilogy (Red Mars, Green Mars, Blue Mars, 1992–1996), and The Martians (1999) by Kim Stanley Robinson First Landing (2002) by ... Dick Mars (1992) and Return to Mars (1999), by Ben Bova Climbing Olympus (1994), by Kevin J ...
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“Human beings will be happiernot when they cure cancer or get to Mars or eliminate racial prejudice or flush Lake Erie but when they find ways to inhabit primitive communities again. Thats my utopia.”
—Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. (b. 1922)