Cloacal Exstrophy

Some articles on cloacal exstrophy, exstrophy:

Sex Assignment - Assignment in Intersex Conditions
... cloacal exstrophy), or to lose it to accidental trauma in early infancy ... cloacal exstrophy) for these functions, it was recommended that the baby be assigned as female, any gonads removed, a vaginal opening surgically constructed, and estrogen provided at ... A large proportion of XY infants born with cloacal exstrophy and raised as female from early infancy have requested reassignment to male gender in late childhood and adolescence ...
Intersex Surgery - Feminizing Surgical Procedures
... adrenal hyperplasia malformations of genitalia in genetic females urogenital sinus malformation cloacal exstrophy conditions involving severe undervirilization or malformations of genetic males ... discontinued, and surgical reassignment of genetic males with exstrophy or other severe malformations or injuries is diminishing ... Cloacal exstrophy and bladder exstrophy repair is needed regardless of the sex of assignment or rearing ...