Classical theism refers to the a form of theism in which God is characterized as the absolutely metaphysically ultimate being (the first, timeless, absolutely simple and sovereign being, who is also devoid of any anthropomorphic qualities), in distinction to another conceptions such as Theistic Personalism, Open Theism and Process Theism. Another fundamental characteristic of classical theism is the idea of God as the cause of the world.
Classical theism is, historically, the mainstream view between philosophers and is associate with the tradition of writers like Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus, Augustine, St. Anselm, Maimonides, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas. In opposition to this tradition, there are, today, philosophers like Alvin Plantinga (who rejects divine simplicity), Richard Swinburne (who rejects divine timelessness) and William Lane Craig (who reject both divine simplicity and timelessness), who can be viewed as theistic personalists.
Other articles related to "classical theism, theism":
... Classical Theism holds first of all that in order to establish the nature of God we have to prove His existence ... Other philosophical arguments adherents use to support Classical Theism include the argument from morality, and the teleological argument ... Major arguments against Classical Theism include the problem of evil and the hiddenness of God ...
... Theism the view that there is one or more gods or goddesses ... Classical theism refers to traditional ideas of the monotheistic religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam ... Classical theism holds that God is an absolute, eternal, all-knowing (omniscient), all-powerful (omnipotent), and perfect being ...
Famous quotes containing the words theism and/or classical:
“What terrible questions we are learning to ask! The former men believed in magic, by which temples, cities, and men were swallowed up, and all trace of them gone. We are coming on the secret of a magic which sweeps out of mens minds all vestige of theism and beliefs which they and their fathers held and were framed upon.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Against classical philosophy: thinking about eternity or the immensity of the universe does not lessen my unhappiness.”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)