Archaeological investigations attest that the first phase before the actual founding of the city took place and the church was probably built in the 11th century by the Habsburgs.
In the area around the present city center, there were two 11th-century settlements. The first was around a medieval castle (today Bremgartner castle in the old town) and told Vilingen. The second Vorsiedlung was below the steep Moränensporns at the site of today's city, already Bremgarten was called, was south-west of the church on the left and right sides of the Reuss and was a ferry connected. The church was built on the edge of the settlement and originally belonged ecclesiastically to the neighboring village Eggenwil where the Habsburgs owned a farm. Since no donor grave was found, it was at the church probably an exempt proprietary church of the Habsburgs and had at that time not self-evident Taufrecht since its creation. The construction of this church thus began the ecclesiastical independence of the settlement of the Habsburg Eggenwil. The first written mention of the settlement Bremgarten was 1135-1140 when Count Albrecht II, the monastery Muri screen Vogt 1111 to 1140, his manor in Eggenwil and the settlement Bremgarten including the Church of Muri Abbey gave.
Bremgarten and Vilingen grew together in the 12th century into a larger settlement. Church and settlement remained until the early 15th century under Habsburg court rule on the farm Eggenwil. Representation of the lightning strike of 7 August 1580 by Johann Jakob Wick.
The church was first mentioned in 1252 by the secular priest March Warden, a cleric of the Counts of Habsburg, about ten years after Bremgarten the municipal law of Rudolf von Habsburg received. 1415 lost Duke Frederick IV the basement office by conquest of the city of Zurich . Because of this defeat gave his wife, Princess Anna of Brunswick, the Church on 2 July 1420 the then Bremgartner hospital, so with a commitment, to commemorate her with an annual fair, which is still followed. It is a further consecration of the church in 1427 known.
1519, the then pastor Heinrich Bullinger (father of the reformer Heinrich Bullinger ) Drain the papal preacher Bernardino Sanson preaching and so began the first sign of the Reformation . In the years that came in Bremgarten because of the dispute over the Reformation almost civil war like conditions. 1529 Bremgarten sat the Son and reformer Heinrich Bullinger as a pastor, who was for two years. By the political upheavals of the Second Kappel War Bremgarten returned on 4 October 1532 again returned to the Catholic faith and elected as the new patron saint Nicholas of Myra . The church as a whole building was rekonziliert for the third time in their history.
On 7 August 1580 lightning struck a church in the city, the Johann Jakob Wick in his collection of messages held drawings and text to contemporary history from the years 1560-87.
Read more about this topic: City Church Of Bremgarten
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