Chloride

Chloride

The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine, a halogen, gains an electron to form an anion (negatively-charged ion) Cl. The salts of hydrochloric acid contain chloride ions and can also be called chlorides. The chloride ion, and its salts such as sodium chloride, are very soluble in water. It is an essential electrolyte located in all body fluids responsible for maintaining acid/base balance, transmitting nerve impulses and regulating fluid in and out of cells.

The word chloride can also form part of the name of chemical compounds in which one or more chlorine atoms are covalently bonded. For example, methyl chloride, more commonly called chloromethane, (CH3Cl) is an organic covalently bonded compound, which does not contain a chloride ion.

Read more about Chloride:  Corrosion, Uses, Human Health

Other articles related to "chloride":

Lutetium(III) Chloride
... Lutetium(III) chloride or lutetium trichloride is the chemical compound composed of lutetium and chlorine with the formula LuCl3 ... Lutetium(III) chloride has the YCl3 (AlCl3) layer structure with octahedral lutetium ions ...
Chloroacetyl Chloride
... Chloroacetyl chloride is a chlorinated acyl chloride ... It is a bifunctional compound, making it a useful building block chemical ...
Lithium Tetrachloroaluminate
... Lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LAC, lithium aluminium chloride) is an inorganic compound, a tetrachloroaluminate of lithium, with the formula LiAlCl4 ... Solution of lithium tetrachloroaluminate in thionyl chloride is the liquid cathode and electrolyte of some lithium batteries, e.g ... the lithium-thionyl chloride cell ...
Silylation of Organic Compounds
... butyl lithium), and allow it to react with a silyl chloride (e.g ... trimethylsilyl chloride) ... products are a protonated (gaseous) alkane and an inert salt (lithium chloride or magnesium bromide and chloride) ...
Chloride, Arizona - History
... Chloride was founded about 1863, but mining was not widespread until the 1870s after a treaty was signed with the Hualapai Indians ... town eventually grew to a peak of around 5,000 inhabitants, and at one time Chloride was the county seat ... magnet, with Roy Purcell, once a hippie artist, leaving behind the Chloride Murals outside of town ...