Chilanga (Lusaka), Zambia - Geography and History

Geography and History

Chilanga was called a "township". Like most towns across Zambia, Chilanga was a colonial settlement for the white settlers and expatriates. The Chilanga Estates to the East of the Post Office, was for employees of Chilanga Cement (now Lafrge). Musamaba was situated within and nearer to the factory and was for the African factory employees. The Game and Fisheries Yards, to the North and South of the main tarmac off Kafue Road, were for the employees of the National Parks and Wildlife Services (now Zambia Wildlife Authority). To the South of Kafue Road was the compound called Game for African employees. In the outskirts were the various farms and villages. It was only after independence that most white settlers left and Africans began to occupy the Estates, yards and farm lands. By the beginning of the 1980 almost all of Chilanga was re-ssettled by African Zambians.

Parklands Primary School was for the white settlers while Chilanga Primary School was for the Africans. Other schools in the area included Mapepe and Musamaba Primary Schools. Parklands became a Basic school in the late 1980s. Primary was phased out at the school in the late 1990s. It was the first Secondary school in the area. The clinic is situated along Kafue Road at the beginning of the Game compound. Another clinic was at Chilanga Cement. There used to be a BP filling station near the Chilanga Cement offices entrance. The main shopping centre was opposite the Post office which consisted of Lungu's Bakery, Mwachula Grocery and Kwa Mewnye. Freedom was a shanti compound of mainly mud houses and is still situated on the approach to Chilanga Cement along Kafue road. the chilanga Bazar shop was demolished. Some farmers included Chindindindi, Chenjela, Miller and Mulikita.

The Mundawanga Zoo and Botanical Gardens were run by the Government through the National Parks and Wildlife Services. The late Mr. Chanda (the snake man) was the manager. It stoked a vairiety of indeginous and exotic creatures and attracted people from all over the country. The sounds of the animals could be heard kilometers away such as the early morning cries of peakocks and the late afternoon roaring of the lions.

The Water and Sewerage company managed the sewage ponds that eventually fell into the largest pond called Long Ridge. People have since built in the dried up ponds. However Long Ridge pond is still there and it has houses built around it and a social resort called Long Ridge Junction. It is a place of scenic beauty and tranquility.

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