In chess, a tactic refers to a sequence of moves which limits the opponent's options and may result in tangible gain. Tactics are usually contrasted with strategy, in which advantages take longer to be realized, and the opponent is less constrained in responding.
The fundamental building blocks of tactics are move sequences in which the opponent is unable to respond to all threats, so the first player realizes an advantage. This includes forks, skewers, batteries, discovered attacks, undermining, overloading, deflection, pins and interference.
- The Encyclopedia of Chess Middlegames gives the following tactical categories: Double Attack, Pawns Breakthrough, Blockade, Decoying, Discovered Attack, Passed Pawn, X-ray Attack, Interception, Deflection, Pin, Demolition of Pawns, Overloading, Annihilation of Defense, Pursuit (perpetual attack), Intermediate Move, and Space Clearance.
Often tactics of several types are conjoined in a combination.
Other articles related to "chess tactic, tactic":
... Zwischenzug (German for intermediate move) is a common tactic in which a player under threat, instead of directly countering, introduces an even more devastating threat ... The tactic often involves a new attack against the opponent's queen or king ... The concept of a zwischenzug is often listed as a tactic, but might properly be called a counter-tactic instead ...
Famous quotes containing the words tactic and/or chess:
“Every collectivist revolution rides in on a Trojan horse of Emergency. It was a tactic of Lenin, Hitler and Mussolini.... The invasion of New Deal Collectivism was introduced by this same Trojan horse.”
—Herbert Hoover (18741964)
“Work, as we usually think of it, is energy expended for a further end in view; play is energy expended for its own sake, as with childrens play, or as manifestation of the end or goal of work, as in playing chess or the piano. Play in this sense, then, is the fulfillment of work, the exhibition of what the work has been done for.”
—Northrop Frye (19121991)