Cheng Han

The Cheng Han (simplified Chinese: 成汉; traditional Chinese: 成漢; pinyin: Chénghàn; 303 or 304-347) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. It represented two states, the Cheng state (成, pinyin Chéng) proclaimed in 304 by Li Xiong and the Han state (汉, pinyin Hàn) in 338 by Li Shou. Since they were both ruled by the Li family of the Ba ethnicity, scholars with Chinese backgrounds often combined them into a single Cheng Han state. (The Li family has also been described as being of Ba-Di ethnicity, they were originally Ba from modern Sichuan who had settled among the Di in modern Gansu.) Western texts frequently referred to the two states separately. Whether the treatment is correct is debatable—when Li Shou claimed the throne in 338, he did not acknowledge his throne as having been inherited from Li Xiong's line, and indeed, while continuing the worship of Li Xiong, maintained it in a separate temple. Li Shou's son Li Shi, however, acknowledged the prior emperors as his predecessors. Cheng Han's was the earliest establishment of the Sixteen Kingdoms.

All rulers of the Cheng Han declared themselves "emperors".

The commonly accepted founding year of Cheng has been 304. Nevertheless Li Te declared a new era name in 303 and self-declaration of era name has been considered by some Chinese scholars to be a symbol of a new government. At that time, however, Li Te claimed no imperial or other special titles for himself.

Read more about Cheng HanRulers of The Cheng Han

Other articles related to "cheng, cheng han, han":

List Of State Leaders In 338 - Asia
... Period) Eastern Jin Dynasty - Emperor Cheng, Emperor of China (325–342) Later Zhao - Shi Hu, Emperor of Later Zhao (334-349) Cheng Han Li Qi, Emperor of Cheng Han (334-338) Li Shou ...
Li Xiong - Reign
... he declared himself emperor and named his empire "Cheng" (成) ... reigns reverted several times between Jin and Cheng Han rule ... Historians generally viewed Li Xiong's reign of Cheng Han as one characterized by leniency and lack of interference with the people's livelihoods ...
Li Shou - Reign
... He then changed the name of the state from Cheng to Han and started a new imperial temple enshrining his father Li Xiang and his mother Lady Zan, making a break with Li Xiong's regime ... In spring 339, Cheng Han lost Ning Province—which Li Shou himself had captured several years earlier—to Jin ... For the next several years, Jin and Cheng Han would, however, continue to fight over parts of Ning Province ...
Rulers of The Cheng Han
... durations Chinese convention use family and given names Cheng 303 or 304-338 Shizu (始祖 pinyin Shǐzǔ) or Shizu (世祖 Shìzǔ) Jing (景 Jǐng) Li Te (李特 Lǐ Tè) 303 Jianchu (建初 Jiànch ...
Li Shou
... courtesy name Wukao (武考), formally Emperor Zhaowen of (Cheng) Han ((成)漢昭文帝), was an emperor of the Chinese/Ba-Di state Cheng Han ... He was the cousin of Cheng Han's founding emperor Li Xiong, but after he overthrew Li Xiong's son Li Qi in 338, he disassociated himself from Li Xiong's regime by renaming the state from ... state and treated the succession from Li Xiong to Li Shou's son Li Shi as a single Cheng Han state ...

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