Central Alaskan Yup'ik Language - Phonology - Consonants

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Velar Uvular
Nasal ŋ̊
m n ŋ
Plosive p t k q
Affricate
Fricative f s ɬ x χ
v z ɣ ɣʷ ʁ ʁʷ
Approximant l j

The voiceless labialized uvular fricative occurs only in some speech variants and doesn't contrast with its voiced counterpart /ʁʷ/. The voiceless alveolar affricate is an allophone of /tʃ/ before the schwa vowel. The voiced labiovelar approximant is a realization of /v/ between vowels other than the schwa.

/l/ is not phonetically a fricative, but behaves as one phonologically. /j/ is pronounced /tʃ/ in the Hooper Bay-Chevak and Nunviak dialects. Fricatives (and /l/) devoice immediately before or after a plosive, while nasals devoice only immediately after a plosive or a voiceless fricative.

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