Celtic Languages

Celtic Languages

The Celtic or Keltic languages (usually pronounced /ˈkɛltɪk/ but sometimes /ˈsɛltɪk/) are descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. The term "Celtic" was first used to describe this language group by Edward Lhuyd in 1707.

Celtic languages are most commonly spoken on the north-western edge of Europe, notably in Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Cornwall, and the Isle of Man, and can be found spoken on Cape Breton Island. There are also a substantial number of Welsh speakers in the Patagonia area of Argentina. Some people speak Celtic languages in the other Celtic diaspora areas of the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. In all these areas, the Celtic languages are now only spoken by minorities though there are continuing efforts at revitalization.

During the 1st millennium BC, they were spoken across Europe, in the Iberian Peninsula, from the Atlantic and North Sea coastlines, up the Rhine valley and down the Danube valley to the Black Sea, the Upper Balkan Peninsula, and in Galatia in Asia Minor. The spread to Cape Breton and Patagonia occurred in modern times. Celtic languages, particularly Irish, were spoken in Australia before federation in 1901 and are still used there to some extent.

Read more about Celtic LanguagesLiving Languages, Classifications, Characteristics of Celtic Languages

Other articles related to "celtic languages, languages, celtic language, language, celtic":

Superlatives - In Other Languages - Celtic Languages
... As in English, some forms are irregular, i.e ... nas fheàrr (better), nas miosa (worse), etc ...
Britain (placename) - Pre-Roman Period - Language Considerations
... The tree model, generally considered valid for the historical changes of languages, must be valid for the Celtic languages as well ... A proto-Celtic language therefore existed that is, a language, the ancestor of a family defined by a set of shared innovations, or features not possessed by the parent, Proto-Indo-European ... on the basis of further shared innovations, the parent Celtic divided into daughter groups ...
History Of French - Effect of Substrate and Superstrate Languages
... noticeably different from most other Romance languages ... to carry-over effects from Gaulish (Celtic) or superstrate influence from Frankish (Germanic) ... many of the changes in French have parallels in other Romance languages, or are changes commonly undergone by many languages in the process of development ...
Characteristics of Celtic Languages - Examples
... All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights ... They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood ...
Celtic Toponymy - Celtic Languages
... The Proto-Indo-European language developed into various daughter languages including Proto-Celtic ... In Proto-Celtic, the Proto-Indo-European sound *p disappeared, perhaps through an intermediate *ɸ ... After that, Proto-Celtic split into P-Celtic and Q-Celtic dialects ...

Famous quotes containing the words languages and/or celtic:

    People in places many of us never heard of, whose names we can’t pronounce or even spell, are speaking up for themselves. They speak in languages we once classified as “exotic” but whose mastery is now essential for our diplomats and businessmen. But what they say is very much the same the world over. They want a decent standard of living. They want human dignity and a voice in their own futures. They want their children to grow up strong and healthy and free.
    Hubert H. Humphrey (1911–1978)

    Coming to Rome, much labour and little profit! The King whom you seek here, unless you bring Him with you you will not find Him.
    Anonymous 9th century, Irish. “Epigram,” no. 121, A Celtic Miscellany (1951, revised 1971)