In mathematics, a **Cauchy sequence** (pronounced ), named after Augustin-Louis Cauchy, is a sequence whose elements become *arbitrarily close to each other* as the sequence progresses. More precisely, given any small positive distance, all but a finite number of elements of the sequence are less than that given distance from each other.

The utility of Cauchy sequences lies in the fact that in a complete metric space (one where all such sequences are known to converge to a limit), the criterion for convergence depends only on the terms of the sequence itself. This is often exploited in algorithms, both theoretical and applied, where an iterative process can be shown relatively easily to produce a Cauchy sequence, consisting of the iterates.

The notions above are not as unfamiliar as they might at first appear. The customary acceptance of the fact that any real number *x* has a decimal expansion is an implicit acknowledgment that a particular Cauchy sequence of rational numbers (whose terms are the successive truncations of the decimal expansion of *x*) has the real limit *x*. In some cases it may be difficult to describe *x* independently of such a limiting process involving rational numbers.

Generalizations of Cauchy sequences in more abstract uniform spaces exist in the form of Cauchy filter and Cauchy net.

Read more about Cauchy Sequence: In Real Numbers, In A Metric Space, Completeness

### Other articles related to "cauchy sequence, sequence, cauchy, cauchy sequences, sequences":

**Cauchy Sequence**- Generalizations - In A Hyperreal Continuum

... A real

**sequence**has a natural hyperreal extension, defined for hypernatural values H of the index n in addition to the usual natural n ... The

**sequence**is

**Cauchy**if and only if for every infinite H and K, the values and are infinitely close, or adequal, i.e where "st" is the standard part function ...

... Let {φn } be an orthonormal system in L2 and {an } a

**sequence**of reals ... in a theorem (almost with modern words) that a

**Cauchy sequence**in L2 converges in L2-norm to some function f in L2 ... In this Note,

**Cauchy sequences**are called "

**sequences**converging in the mean" and L2 is denoted by Ω ...

...

**Cauchy**completeness is the statement that every

**Cauchy sequence**of real numbers converges ... The rational number line Q is not

**Cauchy**complete ... An example is the following

**sequence**of rational numbers Here the nth term in the

**sequence**is the nth decimal approximation for pi ...

**Cauchy Sequence**s

... Further information

**Cauchy sequence**Another approach is to define a real number as the limit of a

**Cauchy sequence**of rational numbers ... Then the reals are defined to be the

**sequences**of rationals that have the

**Cauchy sequence**property using this distance ... That is, in the

**sequence**(x0, x1, x2...), a mapping from natural numbers to rationals, for any positive rational δ there is an N such that

... analysis, a metric space M is called complete (or a

**Cauchy**space) if every

**Cauchy sequence**of points in M has a limit that is also in M or, alternatively, if every

**Cauchy sequence**in M converges ... is "missing" from it, even though one can construct a

**Cauchy sequence**of rational numbers that converges to it ...

### Famous quotes containing the word sequence:

“It isn’t that you subordinate your ideas to the force of the facts in autobiography but that you construct a *sequence* of stories to bind up the facts with a persuasive hypothesis that unravels your history’s meaning.”

—Philip Roth (b. 1933)