The Catholic Union was a political organisation in Ireland in the 1870s. It was the brainchild of Paul Cullen, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin and future Irish cardinal. He created it in 1872 to link growing public interest in politics and Irish nationalism with a Catholic agenda. It was his second attempt to create a Church-orientated political party, following the collapse and failure of his first such organisation, the National Association.
The Catholic Union set itself three goals to achieve:
- disestablishment of the Church of Ireland;
- the creation of a Catholic university;
- moderate land reform in Ireland.
The Catholic Union failed as an organisation, however. It was overshadowed by a number of other organisations; from the Irish Republican Brotherhood and Isaac Butt's Home Government Association, a precursor of his later Home Rule League, to the Liberal and Conservative parties. The diminutive power of the Catholic Union was shown in the 1874 general election. Whereas the Conservatives won 32 seats, the Liberal Party 12 (down from 65) and the Home Rule League 59, the Union won nothing, with a supporter on Dublin Corporation unable even to get a seconder for his motion on home rule.
Though all three aims of the Catholic Union were achieved, they were achieved through the actions of others. The Catholic Union's irrelevance was shown when the Catholic Bishops went behind its own back to negotiate with Liberal Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone on the education issue.
The Catholic Union rapidly disintegrated, with members drifting away within a short time of its foundation.
The organisation disappeared completely in the late 1870s. Its failure, along with the failure of Catholic Church-created or supported parties and candidates, notably the disastrous failure of the Bishop of Kerry's candidate in a by-election in 1872 (who was defeated when Kerry Catholics voted for a Protestant Home Ruler despite condemnation from the bishop), and the collapse in the campaign of one of Cullen's supporters in Meath in the 1874 general election (where the candidate was forced to humiliatingly pull out through lack of support), indicated the limits on the political influence of the Roman Catholic Church in late 19th-century Ireland.
Other articles related to "catholic, catholic union, union, catholics":
... Catholic Family Life Insurance Catholic War Veterans The Center for Civilian Internee Rights, Inc ... Association Conservative War Veterans Croatian American Association Croatian Catholic Union Czech Catholic Union Czechoslovak Christian Democracy in the U.S.A ... Ladies Auxiliary Polish National Alliance Polish National Union Polish Roman Catholic Union of North America Polish Scouting Organization Polish Western Association Polish Women's ...
... The Catholic Union of Great Britain is an association of the Catholic laity in England, Wales and Scotland ... The current President of the Catholic Union is Lord Brennan QC ...
... Philip II, a devout Catholic and self-proclaimed protector of the Counter-Reformation, suppressed Calvinism in Flanders, Brabant and Holland (what is now approximately Belgian Limburg was ... In 1566, the wave of iconoclasm known as the Beeldenstorm was a prelude to religious war between Catholics and Protestants, especially the Anabaptists ... Alba recaptured the southern part of the Provinces, who signed the Union of Atrecht, which meant that they would accept the Spanish government on ...
Famous quotes containing the words union and/or catholic:
“The union of hands and hearts.”
—Jeremy Taylor (16131667)
“Carlyle is not a seer, but a brave looker-on and reviewer; not the most free and catholic observer of men and events, for they are likely to find him preoccupied, but unexpectedly free and catholic when they fall within the focus of his lens.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)