Catalyzed

Some articles on catalyzed:

Taft Equation - Polar Substituent Constants, σ*
... The hydrolysis of esters can occur through either acid and base catalyzed mechanisms, both of which proceed through a tetrahedral intermediate ... In the base catalyzed mechanism the reactant goes from a neutral species to negatively charged intermediate in the rate determining (slow) step, while in the acid catalyzed mechanism a positively charged ... that polar effects would only influence the reaction rate of the base catalyzed reaction since a new charge was formed ...
Retinal - Vitamin A Metabolism
... For example beta-carotene + O2 → 2 retinal catalyzed by a beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase or a beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase ... retinol + NADP+ retinol + NAD+ retinal + NADH + H+ catalyzed by retinol dehydrogenases (RDHs) and alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) ... can also be oxidized to retinoic acid (RA) retinal + NAD+ + H2O → retinoic acid + NADH + H+ (catalyzed by RALDH) retinal + O2 + H2O → retinoic acid + H2O2 (catalyzed by ...
Muon-catalyzed Fusion - Viability As A Power Source - Problems Facing Practical Exploitation
... has changed in the half-century since Jackson's assessment of the feasibility of muon-catalyzed fusion, other than Vesman's prediction of the hyperfine resonant formation of the muonic (d-μ-t ... This helped spark renewed interest in the whole field of muon-catalyzed fusion, which remains an active area of research worldwide among those who continue to be fascinated and ... Clearly, as Jackson observed in his 1957 paper, muon-catalyzed fusion is "unlikely" to provide "useful power production.. ...
Asymmetric Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
... An early example concerns the addition of chloral to phenols catalyzed by aluminium chloride modified with (-)-menthol ... In another alkylation N-methylpryrrole reacts with crotonaldehyde catalyzed by trifluoroacetic acid modified with a chiral imidazolidinone Indole ...
Richard F. Heck - Palladium-catalyzed Coupling Reactions
... See also palladium-catalyzed coupling reactions Heck's work set the stage for a variety of other palladium-catalyzed coupling reactions, including those of aryl halides with derivatives of ... These palladium-catalyzed coupling reactions are now widely practiced in organic synthesis, including in the chemical engineering production of certain ... the greatest societal impact has been from the palladium-catalyzed coupling of an alkyne with an aryl halide ...