Carpet - Embroidery

Embroidery

Unlike woven carpets, embroidery carpets are not formed on a loom. Their pattern is established by the application of stitches to a cloth (often linen) base. The tent stitch and the cross stitch are two of the most common. Embroidered carpets were traditionally made by royal and aristocratic women in the home, but there has been some commercial manufacture since steel needles were introduced (earlier needles were made of bone) and linen weaving improved in the 16th century. Mary, Queen of Scots, is known to have been an avid embroiderer. 16th century designs usually involve scrolling vines and regional flowers (for example, the Bradford carpet). They often incorporate animal heraldry and the coat of arms of the maker. Production continued through the 19th century. Victorian embroidered carpet compositions include highly illusionistic, 3-dimensional flowers. Patterns for tiled carpets made of a number of squares, called Berlin wool work, were introduced in Germany in 1804, and became extremely popular in England in the 1830s. Embroidered carpets can also include other features such as a pattern of shapes, or they can even tell a story.

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Other articles related to "embroidery":

St. Gallen Embroidery
... Gallen embroidery refers to embroidery products from the city and the region of St ... The region was once the largest and most important export area for embroidery ... Around 1910 the embroidery production was the largest export branch of the Swiss economy with 18 percent of the overall export value ...
Lijiang City - Nearby
... is the village of Baisha, famous for the Baisha Fresco and the Naxi Hand-made Embroidery Institute.The Fresco was made in the Ming Dynasty 600 years ago, the ... There are many Naxi embroidery masters, teachers, students and local farmers there ... and friendly, meanwhile, many gorgeous and incredible embroidery arts can be found there ...
St. Gallen Embroidery - Embroidery Today
... Although embroidery no longer has the significance for the region as at the beginning of the last century, it is still an economic factor ... Embroidery machine producing companies such as Benninger AG are among the larger employers in the region ... In the city itself embroidery products are, in addition to the traditional fashion show on the CSIO and the "OFFA Frühlings- und Trendmesse St ...
St. Gallen Embroidery - Working Conditions
... Initially, embroidery was primarily or even almost exclusively women's work, this changed abruptly with the introduction of embroidery machines ... times very low, and secondly, many children and even grandparents had to work at the embroidery machines, in order to earn enough to survive ... the rough work of a farmer was not conducive for the fine embroidery work, so that many of these agricultural enterprises could only perform coarser embroidery works ...

Famous quotes containing the word embroidery:

    It is, indeed, at home that every man must be known by those who would make a just estimate either of his virtue or felicity; for smiles and embroidery are alike occasional, and the mind is often dressed for show in painted honour, and fictitious benevolence.
    Samuel Johnson (1709–1784)