Carnot Cycle

The Carnot cycle is a theoretical thermodynamic cycle proposed by Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot in 1823 and expanded by Benoit Paul Émile Clapeyron in the 1830s and 40s. It can be shown that it is the most efficient cycle for converting a given amount of thermal energy into work, or conversely, creating a temperature difference (e.g. refrigeration) by doing a given amount of work.

Every thermodynamic system exists in a particular thermodynamic state. When a system is taken through a series of different states and finally returned to its initial state, a thermodynamic cycle is said to have occurred. In the process of going through this cycle, the system may perform work on its surroundings, thereby acting as a heat engine. A system undergoing a Carnot cycle is called a Carnot heat engine, although such a 'perfect' engine is only a theoretical limit and cannot be built in practice.

Read more about Carnot CycleStages of The Carnot Cycle

Other articles related to "carnot cycle, cycle, carnot":

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... The Carnot cycle is a particular thermodynamic cycle, modeled on the hypothetical Carnot heat engine ...
Steampowered - Steam Cycle
... Main article Rankine cycle See also Thermodynamics and Heat transfer The Rankine cycle is the fundamental thermodynamic underpinning of the steam engine ... The cycle is a mathematical model that describes the flow of the steam, water and heat in an engine ... The cycle is used to model machines that generate about 90% of all electric power used throughout the world, including virtually all solar, biomass, coal and nuclear power plants ...
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... The Rankine cycle most closely describes the process by which steam-operated heat engines most commonly found in power generation plants generate power ... The Rankine cycle is sometimes referred to as a practical Carnot cycle because, when an efficient turbine is used, the TS diagram begins to resemble the Carnot cycle ... (in the boiler) and rejection (in the condenser) are isobaric in the Rankine cycle and isothermal in the theoretical Carnot cycle ...
Steam Engine - Steam Cycle
... Main article Rankine cycle See also Thermodynamics See also Heat transfer The Rankine cycle is the fundamental thermodynamic underpinning of the steam engine ... This cycle generates about 90% of all electric power used throughout the world, including virtually all solar thermal, biomass, coal and nuclear power plants ... The Rankine cycle is sometimes referred to as a practical Carnot cycle because, when an efficient turbine is used, the TS diagram begins to resemble the Carnot ...
Carnot Cycle - Properties and Significance - Efficiency of Real Heat Engines
... engine efficiency and other performance criteria Carnot realized that in reality it is not possible to build a thermodynamically reversible engine, so real heat engines are ... In addition, real engines that operate along this cycle are rare ... Although Carnot's cycle is an idealisation, the expression of Carnot efficiency is still useful ...

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