Carlism

Carlism (Basque: Karlismo, Catalan: Carlisme, Spanish: Carlismo) is a traditionalist and legitimist political movement in Spain seeking the establishment of a separate line of the Bourbon family on the Spanish throne. This line descended from Infante Carlos, Count of Molina (1788–1855), and was founded due to dispute over the succession laws and widespread dissatisfaction with the Alfonsine line of the House of Bourbon. The movement was at its strongest in the 1830s but had a revival following Spain's defeat in the Spanish-American War in 1898, when Spain lost its last remaining significant colonies, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.

An exceptionally long-lived movement, it was a significant player in Spanish politics from 1833 until the end of the Franco regime in 1975 as a social and political force, and one of the main actors in the Spanish Civil War.

In this capacity, it was the cause of several major wars during the 19th century, and an important factor during the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s.

Read more about Carlism:  History, Carlist Claimants To The Throne, Ideology, Literary References To Carlism

Other articles related to "carlism":

Prince Xavier Of Bourbon-Parma - Carlist King
... Carlos Hugo became the active leader of Carlism ... He initiated a new form of Carlism, transforming it into a socialist movement ... attracting new support for this socialist-Carlism, but also alienated many traditional Carlist supporters ...
Third Carlist War - Opposing Parties - Carlists
... Carlism is named after the infant Carlos Maria Isidro (1788–1855), count of Molina and Fernando's brother ... This nostalgia for Spain's past was an important rallying point for Carlism ... and conservative atmosphere of 19th century Spain Carlism attracted a large number of followers, particularly among sections of society that perceived that they had ...
Carlos Hugo, Duke Of Parma - Carlism
... Carlism is a Spanish political movement seeking to install Carlos Hugo's branch of the House of Bourbon on the Spanish throne ... and his brother, Sixtus Henry of Bourbon, stood for traditional Carlism ... During the Franco regime, the organization of Carlism has been known as the Traditionalist Communion ...
List Of Movements That Dispute The Legitimacy Of A Reigning Monarch - Carlism
... Carlism is a movement in that seeks the establishment of another line of the Bourbon family on the Spanish throne, in preference to the current Spanish King, Juan Carlos I ...
Literary References To Carlism
... The liberal Spanish journalist Mariano José de Larra opposed Carlism and published several lampoons against it ... He wrote novels about Carlism and was an active Carlist himself ... Adventurer), set during the Third Carlist War, and referred to Carlism in a not very favourable light (as he generally referred to nearly everybody) in several other works ...