Care Quality Commission - History

History

Until 31 March 2009, regulation of health and adult social care in England was carried out by the Healthcare Commission and the Commission for Social Care Inspection. The Mental Health Act Commission had monitoring functions with regard to the operation of the Mental Health Act 1983.

The Health and Social Care Act 2008 established a single, integrated regulator for health and adult social care - the Care Quality Commission to replace these three bodies. The Commission was created in shadow form on 1 October 2008 and began operating on 1 April 2009.

The CQC is not entirely independent. Although it describes itself as the "independent regulator of all health and social care services in England", it is in fact "accountable to the public, Parliament and the Secretary of State for Health." and much of its funding comes from the taxpayer.

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