Carcassonne

Coordinates: 43°12′47″N 2°21′07″E / 43.2131°N 2.352°E / 43.2131; 2.352

Carcassonne (; Occitan: Carcassona) is a fortified French town in the Aude department, of which it is the prefecture, in the former province of Languedoc.

It is divided into the fortified Cité de Carcassonne and the more expansive lower city, the ville basse. Carcassone was founded by the Visigoths in the fifth century, though the Romans had fortified the settlement earlier. The fortress, which was thoroughly restored in 1853 by the theorist and architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997. The folk etymology – involving a châtelaine named Carcas, a ruse ending a siege and the joyous ringing of bells ("Carcas sona") – though memorialized in a neo-Gothic sculpture of Mme. Carcas on a column near the Narbonne Gate, is of modern invention. The name can be derived as a hyperbole of the name Carcas. Similarly in the Italian language, there are derived names like Castellino (little castle) – Castello – Castellone (big castle), or Ombrellino (small umbrella) – Ombrello – Ombrellone (large umbrella). A double 's' in the name appears for phonetic reasons, otherwise as a self standing 's' it would be pronounced as 'z'.

Read more about Carcassonne:  History, Population, Economy, Education, Language, Sport, In Popular Culture, Personalities, Twin Towns

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... from her uncle's widow Isolde prompts a journey to the Carcassonne region with her brother, Anatole ... Léonie Vernier and discovers the truth about the events in Carcassonne during that period in history ... at the same time as well as neighbouring towns and villages in the Carcassonne and the City of Carcassonne ...
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... Carcassonne — Inns and Cathedrals" ("Carcassonne — Wirtshäuser und Kathedralen", 2002) Originally known simply as "Carcassonne The Expansion," Inns and Cathedrals adds some new tiles ... "Carcassonne — Traders and Builders" ("Carcassonne — Händler und Baumeister", 2003) Adds additional tile types, two new followers, and trade good tiles ... "Carcassonne — The Princess and the Dragon" ("Burgfräulein und Drache", 2005) The Princess and the Dragon adds new tiles and figures ...
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