Carbonaria

The Carbonária was originally an anti-clerical, revolutionary, conspiratorial society, originally established in Portugal in 1822 and soon disbanded. It was allied with the Italian Carbonari. A new organization of the same name and claiming to be its continuation was founded in 1896 by Artur Augusto Duarte da Luz de Almeida. This organization agitated against the monarchy and was involved in various anti-monarchist conspiracies. Its operational units, structured into a hierarchy of barracas, choças and vendas, received military training.

On February 1, 1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his eldest son and heir Luis Filipe were assassinated by Alfredo Costa and Manuel Buíça in a conspiracy involving the Carbonária.

By 1910 the Carbonária had some 40,000 members and was instrumental in the Republican 5 October 1910 revolution.

Other articles related to "carbonaria":

List Of Pholcidae Species - Carbonaria
... Carbonaria Carbonaria cordiformis — Venezuela. ...
Silva Carbonaria
... Silva Carbonaria, the "charcoal forest", was the dense old-growth forest of beech and oak that formed a natural boundary during the Late Iron Age through Roman times into the Early Middle Ages across ... The Silva Carbonaria was a vast forest that stretched from the rivers Senne and the Dijle in the north to the Sambre in the south ... To the east Silva Carbonaria extended to the Rhine, where near Cologne in 388 CE the magistri militum praesentalis Nannienus and Quintinus counter-attacked a ...
Polymorphism (biology) - Examples - Peppered Moth
... Biston betularia morpha carbonaria, the melanic Peppered Moth ... white morph (betularia or typica), and carbonaria, the melanic black morph ... They are controlled by alleles at one locus, with the carbonaria being dominant ...
Silva Carbonaria - Use As A Border
... The Silva Carbonaria is mentioned in the Salic Law of the Franks, where it marked "the boundary of the territories occupied by the Frankish people" ... For a time in the sixth century, the Silva Carbonaria formed a barrier between the West Frankish kingdom of Clovis and the East Frankish kingdom of Sigebert the Lame, centred on Cologne, until he was ... The Benedictine Abbey of Lobbes lay in the Silva Carbonaria and that of Saint Foillan, in the Sonian Forest (Forêt de Soignes/Zoniënwoud) not far from Nivelles ...