Burma (i/ˈbɜrmə/ BUR-mə), also known as Myanmar (i/ˈmjɑːnˌmɑr/ MYAHN-mar, /ˈmaɪænmɑr/ or /ˈmjænmɑr/), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by China, Thailand, India, Laos and Bangladesh. One-third of Burma's total perimeter of 1,930 kilometres (1,200 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Its population of over 60 million makes it the world's 24th most populous country and, at 676,578 km (261,227 sq mi), it is the world's 40th largest country and the second largest in Southeast Asia.
The country has been under military control since a coup d'état in 1962. During this time, the United Nations and several other organizations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country, including genocide, the use of child soldiers, systematic rape, child labour, slavery, human trafficking and a lack of freedom of speech. Since the military began relinquishing more of its control over the government, however – coupled with its release in 2011 of Burma's most prominent human rights activist, Aung San Suu Kyi – the country's foreign relationships have improved rapidly, especially with major powers such as the United States, Japan and the European Union. Trade and other sanctions, for example, imposed on Burma/Myanmar by the United States and the European Union, have now been eased.
Burma is a country rich in precious stones, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. In 2011, its GDP stood at US$82.7 billion and was estimated as growing at an annual rate of 5.5%.
Read more about Burma/Myanmar: Etymology, History, Government and Politics, Human Rights, Foreign Relations, Military Relations, Economy, Demographics, Health, Culture, Geography, Education, Media, Sport
Other related articles:
... The Kayan are a subgroup of the Red Karen (Karenni) people, a Tibeto-Burman ethnic minority of Burma (Myanmar) ... The Kayan consists of the following groups Kayan Lahwi (also called Padaung, ပဒေါင် ), Kayan Ka Khaung (Gekho), Kayan Lahta, Kayan Ka Ngan ...
... Protestants in Burma make up 3% of that nation's population, many of them Baptists ... The Protestant Churches of Burma were begun in the early 19th century by Adoniram Judson, an American Baptist missionary ...
Famous quotes containing the word burma:
“If the Third World War is fought with nuclear weapons, the fourth will be fought with bows and arrows.”
—Louis, 1st Earl Mountbatten Of Burma Mountbatten (19001979)