British Rule in Burma

British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the Anglo-Burmese Wars through the creation of Burma as a province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony, and finally independence. Various portions of Burmese territories, including Arakan, Tenasserim were annexed by the British after their victory in the First Anglo-Burmese War; Lower Burma was annexed in 1852 after the Second Anglo-Burmese War. The annexed territories were designated the minor province (a Chief Commissionership), British Burma, of British India in 1862. After the Third Anglo-Burmese War in 1885, Upper Burma was annexed, and the following year, the province of Burma in British India was created, becoming a major province (a Lieutenant-Governorship) in 1897. This arrangement lasted until 1937, when Burma began to be administered separately by the Burma Office under the Secretary of State for India and Burma. Burma achieved independence from British rule on 4 January 1948.

Burma is sometimes referred to as the Scottish Colony, due to the heavy role played by Scotsmen in colonising and running the country – one of the most notable being Sir James George Scott, and the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company.

History of Burma
  • Prehistory 11,000–200 BCE
  • Pyu city-states 200 BCE–1050 CE
  • Mon kingdoms 825?–1057
  • Arakanese kingdoms 788?–1406
  • Pagan Dynasty 849–1297
  • Warring states period
    • Upper Burma 1297–1555
      • Myinsaing and Pinya 1297–1364
      • Sagaing 1315–1364
      • Ava 1364–1555
      • Prome 1482–1542
    • Ramanya 1287–1539, 1550–1552
    • Shan states 1215–1563
    • Arakan 1429–1785
  • Toungoo Dynasty 1510–1752
    • Toungoo Empire 1530–1599
    • Nyaungyan period 1599–1752
  • Restored Hanthawaddy 1740–1757
  • Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885
  • British colonial period 1824–1948
    • Anglo-Burmese wars 1824–1885
    • Nationalist movement 1900–1948
    • Japanese occupation 1942–1945
  • Modern era 1948–present
    • Union of Burma 1948–1962
    • Socialist Republic 1962–1988
    • Union of Myanmar 1988–2010
    • Political reforms 2011–2012
  • Timeline
  • List of capitals
  • List of leaders
  • Royal chronicles
  • Military history

Read more about British Rule In Burma:  Divisions of British Burma, Background, Arrival of The British in Burma, Early British Rule, Nationalist Movement, Burma Separated From India, World War II and Japan, From The Japanese Surrender To Aung San's Assassination

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