The British Commandos were formed during the Second World War in June 1940, following a request from the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, for a force that could carry out raids against German-occupied Europe. Initially drawn from within the British Army from soldiers who volunteered for special service, the Commandos' ranks would eventually be filled by members of all branches of the United Kingdom's armed forces and a number of foreign volunteers from German-occupied countries.
Reaching a wartime strength of over 30 individual units and four assault brigades, the Commandos served in all theatres of war from the Arctic circle to Europe and from the Middle East to South-East Asia. Their operations ranged from small groups of men landing from the sea or by parachute to a brigade of assault troops spearheading the Allied invasions of Europe and Asia.
After the war most Commando units were disbanded, leaving just the Royal Marines 3 Commando Brigade. However, the present day British Royal Marine Commandos, Parachute Regiment, Special Air Service, and Special Boat Service trace their origins to the original Commandos. The Second World War Commando legacy also extends to mainland Europe and the United States: the French Naval commandos, Dutch Korps Commandotroepen, Belgian Paracommando Brigade and United States Army Rangers were all influenced to some degree by the British Commandos.
Other articles related to "british commandos, british, commandos":
... In the British Army battle honours are awarded to regiments that have seen active service in a significant engagement or campaign, generally (although not always) one with a victorious outcome ... The following battle honours were awarded to the British Commandos during the Second World War ...
... involving the landing and removal of specialised light infantry, such as commandos, by means of small boats ... Operation Colossus 10 February 1941 Experimental raid by 38 British Commandos on a fresh water aqueduct near Calitri in southern Italy ... Operation Claymore 4 March 1000 ... Men from the British Commandos and belonging to the Norwegian Independent Company 1 destroy fish oil factories ...
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—Combined Loyalist Military Command. New York Times, p. A12 (October 14, 1994)
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