British Caledonian

British Caledonian

British Caledonian (BCal) was a private, British independent airline, operating out of Gatwick Airport in the 1970s and 1980s. It came into being in November 1970 when the Scottish charter airline Caledonian Airways, at the time Britain's second-largest, wholly privately owned, independent airline, took over British United Airways (BUA), then the largest British independent airline as well as the UK's leading independent scheduled carrier. The BUA takeover enabled Caledonian to realise its long-held ambition to transform itself into a scheduled airline. The merged entity eventually became Britain's foremost independent, international scheduled airline.

A series of major setbacks during the 1980s as well as the airline's inability to grow to the minimum size to become a viable "Second Force" as envisaged in the 1969 Edwards report led to increasing financial difficulties during the second half of that decade. This was the time the airline began looking for a merger partner to improve its competitive position.

British Airways emerged victorious in the ensuing bidding war and gained control of its erstwhile competitor in December 1987.

Read more about British CaledonianThe 1970s, The 1980s, Incidents and Accidents, Notes and Citations

Other articles related to "british caledonian, caledonian, british":

Cal Air International - History
... The airline was a joint set up between British Caledonian and the Rank Organisation which already had its interests firmly established in the travel industry with its ... The airline was initially named 'British Caledonian Charter' with exactly the same livery as its parent company British Caledonian ... However it was not long before British Caledonian realised that its own high quality scheduled product and image was being somewhat tarnished by the more utility charter product in addition ...
British Caledonian In The 1980s - Unexpected Reversal of Fortunes
... The British Caledonian Group expected its turnover to exceed half-a-billion pounds while BCal expected to carry just under two-and-a-half million passengers ... glory was to be the flotation of the British Caledonian Group on the London Stock Exchange ... entire 13-strong, short-haul BAC One-Eleven fleet, the sale of six of Caledonian Hotel Holdings' hotels, the sale of Caledonian Airmotive to US-based Ryder Systems, the sale of Caledonian Leisure Holdings and ...
British Caledonian In The 1970s
... British Caledonian (BCal) came into being in November 1970 when the Scottish charter airline Caledonian Airways, at the time Britain's second-largest, wholly privately owned ... During the 1970s, British Caledonian assumed the role of the UK's "Second Force" to counterbalance the near-monopoly of the corporations, which provided 90% of all UK scheduled air transport ...
British Caledonian In The 1980s - Reaching New Heights
... These profits were the result of improvements in the British economy, which had recovered from the severe recession of the early 1980s, and BCal beginning to reap the benefits of the new industrial ... Connectair and RFG joined the British Caledonian Commuter scheme adding new, regional feeder routes from Gatwick to Antwerp and Paderborn ... route by replacing smaller aircraft Connectair had used to operate that service under the British Caledonian Commuter scheme and to add more capacity on week-ends on the busy Gatwick ...

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