Bristol Filton Airport or Filton Aerodrome (IATA: FZO, ICAO: EGTG) lies on the border between Filton and Patchway, within South Gloucestershire, 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) north of Bristol, England. The airfield is bounded by the A38 trunk road to the east, the former London to Avonmouth railway line to the south and the Old Filton Bypass road to the north west. The aerodrome's main runway runs east–west. The aerodrome is also called Filton Airfield.
Bristol Filton Aerodrome has a CAA Ordinary Licence (number P741) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction as authorised by the licensee (BAE Systems (Aviation Services) Limited).
Companies within the boundary of the aerodrome are BAE Systems (which own the aerodrome), Airbus, MBDA and Rolls-Royce, as well as a number of aircraft maintenance companies, flying schools and the South West of England Royal Mail letter sorting depot. It has passenger facilities for corporate flights.
Filton's runway is one of the widest, at 91 m (300 ft) and is a considerable length at 2,467 m (8,094 ft) long, having been extended first for the maiden flight of the Bristol Brabazon airliner in 1949 and again in the late 1960s for Concorde.
The first flight of the Concorde 002 prototype took place on 9 April 1969 at Filton Aerodrome. All other British-built Concordes also used the main Filton runway for their first flights.
On 26 November 2003, Concorde 216 (G-BOAF) made the final ever Concorde flight from Heathrow, passing over the Bay of Biscay before making a low pass over Bristol and finally returning to Filton where it is now maintained on a temporary apron as a visitor attraction. It is hoped it will be joined by all the aircraft in the Bristol Aero collection at Kemble Airport, in a purpose built museum.
The length of the runway and its closed-to-passengers status made it an ideal dispersion site for the nation's airborne nuclear deterrent during the Cold War. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, Vulcan Bombers were stationed at the airfield, on short-notice stand-by.
The aerodrome is equipped with full radio telephony services (control tower), runway/taxiway illumination and Instrument Landing System (ILS).
Following a review of its commercial and economic viability, the airport stakeholders decided to close the airport for business as of 31 December 2012. Lately the airport had been mainly used for corporate passengers, training flights and aircraft maintenance operations, as well as police and ambulance helicopters. Aircraft maker Airbus, having operated a design center at Filton, reportedly remains committed to the site as it has decided to build a multi-million pound business park and the continued investment in facilities such as the A350XWB Landing Gear Test Facility. In October 2012 BAE Systems had announced the sales of the airport's complete air traffic control systems comprising radar, navaid systems, airfield lighting radio communications systems and airfield fire engine.
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