Brewing

Brewing is the production of beer through steeping a starch source (commonly cereal grains) in water and then fermenting with yeast. Brewing has taken place since around the 6th millennium BC, and archaeological evidence suggests that this technique was used in ancient Egypt. Descriptions of various beer recipes can be found in Sumerian writings, some of the oldest known writing of any sort. Brewing takes place in a brewery by a brewer, and the brewing industry is part of most western economies.

The basic ingredients of beer are water; a starch source, such as malted barley, which is able to be fermented (converted into alcohol); a brewer's yeast to produce the fermentation; and a flavouring, such as hops. A secondary starch source (an adjunct) may be used, such as maize (corn), rice or sugar. Less widely used starch sources include millet, sorghum and cassava root in Africa, potato in Brazil, and agave in Mexico, among others. The amount of each starch source in a beer recipe is collectively called the grain bill.

There are several steps in the brewing process, which include malting, milling, mashing, lautering, boiling, fermenting, conditioning, filtering, and packaging. There are three main fermentation methods, warm, cool and wild or spontaneous. Fermentation may take place in open or closed vessels. There may be a secondary fermentation that can take place in the brewery, in the cask, or in the bottle.

Brewing specifically includes the process of steeping, such as with making tea, sake, and soy sauce. Technically, wine, cider and mead are not brewed but rather vinified as there is no steeping process involving solids.

Read more about BrewingIngredients, Brewing Process, Mashing, Boiling, Fermenting, Conditioning, Filtering, Packaging, Brewing Methods, By-products, Brewing Industry

Other articles related to "brewing":

Lemp Brewery - Revivals
... In 1939 the struggling Central Brewing Company of East St ... Lemp Brewing Company ... existed as the Lemp Brewery before changing their name again, to the EMS Brewing Co ...
History of Lager Brewing
... Based on the numbers of breweries, lager brewing displaced ale brewing in Bohemia in the period from 1860 to 1870, as shown in the following table Year Ale Breweries Lager Breweries ...
Pale Lager
... The brewing process for this beer developed in the mid 19th century when Gabriel Sedlmayr took pale ale brewing techniques back to the Spaten Brewery in Germany and applied it ...
Brewing Industry
... The brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers known as microbreweries or regional breweries depending on size and region ... SABMiller became the largest brewing company in the world when it acquired Royal Grolsch, brewer of Dutch premium beer brand Grolsch ... Brewing at home is subject to regulation and prohibition in many countries ...
Little World Beverages - Brewing
... Little Creatures Brewing Pty Ltd is the brewing subsidiary of Little World Beverages Pty Ltd and currently operates out of one brewery in Fremantle, WA, Australia ... A hospitality facility operates alongside brewing operations. 2009, it was announced that LWB had taken a 20% stake in the Stone Wood Brewing Company based in Byron Bay, NSW, Australia ...