Botulinum Antitoxin

Some articles on antitoxin, botulinum, botulinum antitoxins, botulinum antitoxin:

Botulinum Toxin - Treatment of Botulinum Poisoning
... If the symptoms of botulism are diagnosed early, an equine antitoxin, use of enemas, and extracorporeal removal of the gut contents can be used to treat the food ... The faster way to detect botulinum toxin in people, though, is using the mass spectrometry technology, because it reduces testing time to three or four hours and ... The case fatality rate for botulinum poisoning between 1950 and 1996 was 15.5%, down from about 60% over the previous 50 years ...
Botulism - Treatment
... and wound botulism can be treated by inducing passive immunity with a horse-derived antitoxin, which blocks the action of toxin circulating in the blood ... There are two primary Botulinum Antitoxins available for treatment of wound and foodborne botulism ... Trivalent (A,B,E) Botulinum Antitoxin is derived from equine sources utilizing whole antibodies (Fab Fc portions) ...