Botulinum

Some articles on botulinum:

Clostridium Botulinum
... Clostridium botulinum is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that produces several toxins ... botulinum is an anaerobic spore-former, which produces oval, subterminal endospores and is commonly found in soil ...
Lucilia Illustris - Medical Importance - Vector of Disease Causing Agents
... shown to be a mechanical vector of Clostridium botulinum at levels high enough to cause sickness and even death in pheasants ... botulinum in avian production practices by spreading the bacteria from previously infected carrion to live pheasants ... botulinum ...
Clostridium Botulinum - Taxonomy History
... Clostridium botulinum was first recognized and isolated in 1895 by Emile van Ermengem from home cured ham implicated in a botulism outbreak ... Since 1959 all species producing the botulinum neurotoxins (types A-G) have been designated C ... botulinum ...
Spasmodic Torticollis - Treatment - Botulinum Toxin
... most commonly used treatment for spasmodic torticollis is the use of botulinum toxin injection in the dystonic musculature ... Botulinum toxin type A is most often used it prevents the release of acetylcholine from the presynaptic axon of the motor end plate, paralyzing the dystonic muscle ... With botulinum toxin injections, patients experience relief from spasmodic torticollis for approximately 12 to 16 weeks ...
Castleberry's Food Company - Canned Chili Sauce
... in Augusta, Georgia, which were under-processed, resulting in the production of botulinum toxin within the cans ... to destroy spores of clostridium botulinum bacteria, thereby enabling the bacteria to produce botulinum toxin as the products aged ...