Borrelia Recurrentis

Borrelia recurrentis is a species of Borrelia.

It can be associated with relapsing fever. B. recurrentis is usually transmitted from person to person via the human body louse. It has been known since the 1800s that the only known vector of Borrelia recurrentis has been the body louse.

A 2011 study found B. recurrentis DNA in 23% of head lice from patients with louse-borne relapsing fever in Ethiopia. Whether head lice can transmit these bacteria from one person to another remains to be determined.

It is notable for its ability to alter the proteins expressed on its surface. This is what causes the "relapsing" characteristic of relapsing fever.

Other articles related to "borrelia, borrelia recurrentis":

Infection - Tick-borne Relapsing Fever
... Other relapsing infections are acquired from other Borrelia species, which can be spread from rodents, and serve as a reservoir for the infection, via a tick vector ... Borrelia crocidurae - occurs in Egypt, Mali, Senegal, Tunisia vectors - Ornithodoros erraticus, Ornithodoros sonrai animal host - shrew (Crocidura stampflii ... Borrelia hermsii Borrelia hispanica Borrelia miyamotoi Borrelia parkeri Borrelia hermsii and Borrelia recurrentis cause very similar diseases ...