Relapsing fever borreliosis often occurs with severe bacteremia. Borrelia recurrentis is transmitted by the human body louse; no other animal reservoir of B. recurrentis is known. Lice that feed on infected humans acquire the Borrelia organisms that then multiply in the gut of the louse. When an infected louse feeds on an uninfected human, the organism gains access when the victim crushes the louse or scratches the area where the louse is feeding. B. recurrentis infects the person via mucous membranes and then invades the bloodstream.
Other tick-borne relapsing infections are acquired from other species, such as Borrelia hermsii or Borrelia parkeri or Borrelia miyamotoi, which can be spread from rodents, and serve as a reservoir for the infection, via a tick vector. Borrelia hermsii and Borrelia recurrentis cause very similar diseases, although the disease associated with Borrelia hermsii has more relapses and is responsible for more fatalities, while the disease caused by B. recurrentis has longer febrile and afebrile intervals and a longer incubation period.
- Immunoflourascent or confirm by serology by observing the organism in blood of patient.
Read more about this topic: Borrelia
Other articles related to "relapsing fever, fever":
... is a family of spirochetes most notable for the genus that causes Lyme disease and relapsing fever ... migrans Neuroborreliosis Borrelia recurrentis (Louse borne relapsing fever) Borrelia hermsii/Borrelia duttoni/Borrelia parkeri (Tick borne relapsing fever) Leptospiraceae Leptospira ...
... persulcatus (Asia)) Endemic to North America and Eurasia Symptoms Fever, arthritis, neuroborreliosis, erythema migrans, cranial nerve palsy, carditis, fatigue, and influenza like illness ... Treatment Antibiotics Relapsing fever (Tick-borne relapsing fever, different from Lyme disease due to different Borrelia species and ticks) Organisms Borrelia species Such as Borrelia hermsii ... Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Organism Rickettsia rickettsii Vector wood tick (Dermacentor variabilis), D ...
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