Bolt Action

Bolt action is a type of firearm action in which the weapon's bolt is operated manually by the opening and closing of the breech (barrel) with a small handle, most commonly placed on the right-hand side of the weapon (for right-handed users). As the handle is operated, the bolt is unlocked, the breech is opened, the spent cartridge case is withdrawn and ejected, the firing pin is cocked (this occurs either on the opening or closing of the bolt, depending on design), and finally a new round/cartridge (if available) is placed into the breech and the bolt closed. Bolt action firearms are most often rifles, but there are some bolt-action shotguns and a few handguns as well. Examples of this system date as far back as the early 19th century, notably in the Dreyse needle gun. From the late 19th century, all the way through both World Wars, the bolt-action rifle was the standard infantry firearm for most of the world's militaries.

In military and law enforcement use, the bolt action has been mostly replaced by semi-automatic and selective fire weapons, though the bolt action remains the dominant design in dedicated sniper rifles. Bolt action firearms are still very popular for hunting and target shooting. Compared to most other manually operated firearm actions, it offers an excellent balance of strength (allowing powerful chamberings), ruggedness, reliability, and potential accuracy, all with light weight and low cost. The major disadvantage is a marginally lower practical rate of fire than other manual repeating firearms, such as lever-action and pump-action, and a far lower practical rate of fire than semi-automatic weapons, but this is not an important factor in many types of hunting and target shooting.

Read more about Bolt ActionHistory, Major Bolt Action Systems, Operating The Bolt, Loading, Benefits and Drawbacks, Safety and Headspace, Other Firearm Actions

Other articles related to "bolt action, action, actions, bolt":

Bolt Action - Other Firearm Actions
... Lever-action Pump-action Break-action Falling-block action Rolling block Semi-automatic rifle ...
Husqvarna Vapenfabriks Aktiebolag - Civilian Firearms
... Husqvarna made numerous types and models of break action shotguns ... The first medium caliber bolt action rifles used the same action as the Swedish Army's Mauser m/96 ... After WW2 Husqvarna started purchasing Mauser M98 actions from the Belgian company FN, labeling the rifles Model 146, 246 and 640 ...
Mauser M 98 - Design Details - Features
... The M 98 system consists of a receiver that serves as the systems shroud and a bolt group of which the bolt body has three locking lugs, two large main lugs at the bolt head and a third safety lug at ... is a distinctive feature and was not present on previous Mauser bolt action designs ... lug normally plays no part in locking the action to avoid asymmetric and hence unbalanced bolt thrust forces ...
Gewehr 98 - Design Details - M98 Controlled-feed Bolt-action System - Features
... The M98 system consists of a receiver that serves as the system's shroud and a bolt group of which the bolt body has three locking lugs, two large main ... This third lug is a distinctive feature and was not present on previous Mauser bolt-action designs ... locking surface of 56 mm², whilst the third safety lug normally plays no part in locking the action to avoid asymmetric and hence unbalanced bolt thrust forces ...
TOZ-17
... The TOZ 17-01 is a popular bolt-action.22 rifle made by the TOZ firearms company based in Tula, Russia, intended for professional and amateur hunting and sport shooting The rifle itself is basic but ... Standard model 17 has the bolt with a rear safety much similar to the old BSA rifle type on such models as the BSA Sportsman ... Most obvious was the side safety close to the bolt action ...

Famous quotes containing the word bolt:

    When the words rustle no more,
    And the last work’s done,
    When the bolt lies deep in the door,
    James Elroy Flecker (1884–1919)