The Bolivarian Circles (Spanish: Círculos bolivarianos) are a loosely-knit political and social organization of workers' councils in Venezuela originally begun by President Hugo Chávez in 2001. They are named in honor of Simón Bolívar, the leader who transformed most of South America from Spanish colonial outposts to the independent states now in place. Their significance to Venezuelan politics has trailed off significantly since 2003, as most circles have effectively disbanded. Since then the government has sponsored the creation of Community Planning Councils, which evolved into the Communal Councils, now considered the base of the participatory democracy.
Other articles related to "bolivarian circles":
... to a study by Brigham Young University scholars, the "Bolivarian circles" also help the government identify opponents, who are then denied services ...
Famous quotes containing the word circles:
“And why do you cry, my dear, why do you cry?
It is all in the whirling circles of time.
If millions are born millions must die,”
—Robinson Jeffers (18871962)