Block Plane

A block plane is a small woodworking hand plane which typically has the iron bedded at a lower angle than other planes, with the bevel up. It is designed to cut end grain and is typically small enough to be used with one hand.

According to Patrick's Stanley Blood and Gore, Stanley marketing materials states that, "A Block Plane was first made to meet the demand for a Plane which could be easily held in one hand while planing across the grain, particularly the ends of boards, etc. This latter work many Carpenters call 'Blocking in', hence the name 'Block' Plane." Tradition also claims that the block plane gets its name from its traditional use to level and remove cleaver marks from butchers' blocks that were built with the end grain facing up.

A block plane is frequently used for paring end grain. This is possible because block planes have their blades set at a shallow bed angle, allowing the blade to slice through end grain more efficiently. For this to work the plane is frequently held at an angle sometimes as much as 45 degrees to the direction of travel. The angled cutting edge slices the wood fibers as they pass from one end of the cutting edge to the other.

A block plane has many other uses in woodworking. Typically, it is used for cleaning up components by removing thin shavings of wood to make a component fit within fine tolerances. Chamfering (angling square edges) and removing glue lines are some of the other uses woodworkers find for it.

Types of tools
Cleaning tools
  • Broom
  • Brush
  • Feather duster
  • Floor buffer
  • Hataki
  • Mop
  • Mop bucket cart
  • Needlegun scaler
  • Pipe cleaner
  • Pressure washer
  • Sandblaster
  • Sponge
  • Squeegee
  • Steam mop
  • Tawashi
  • Vacuum cleaner
Cutting and
abrasive tools
  • Blade
  • Bolt cutter
  • Broach
  • Ceramic tile cutter
  • Chisel
  • Coping saw
  • Countersink
  • Diagonal pliers
  • Diamond blade
  • Diamond tool
  • Drawknife
  • Drill bit
  • Emery cloth
  • File
  • Fretsaw
  • Froe
  • Glass cutter
  • Grater
  • Grinding wheel
  • Hand saw
  • Knife
  • Miter saw
  • Nail clipper
  • Pipecutter
  • Plane
  • Pocket knife
  • Rasp
  • Razor
  • Reamer
  • Sandpaper
  • Saw
  • Scalpel
  • Scissors
  • Snips
  • Steel wool
  • Surform
  • Switchblade
  • Utility knife
  • Water jet cutter
  • Wire brush
  • Wire stripper
Garden tools
  • Adze
  • Auger
  • Axe
  • Billhook
  • Bow saw
  • Broadcast spreader
  • Brush hook
  • Chainsaw
  • Cultivator
  • Edger
  • Garden fork
  • Garden hose
  • Hatchet
  • Hedge trimmer
  • Hoe
  • Hook
  • Hori hori
  • Irrigation sprinkler
  • Lawn aerator
  • Lawn mower
  • Lawn sweeper
  • Leaf blower
  • Loppers
  • Loy
  • Machete
  • Mattock
  • Pickaxe
  • Pitchfork
  • Plough (plow)
  • Post hole digger
  • Pruning shears
  • Rake
  • Roller
  • Scythe
  • Shovel
  • Sickle
  • Slasher
  • Spade
  • Splitting maul
  • String trimmer
  • Trowel
Hand tools
  • Adjustable spanner
  • Block plane
  • Brace
  • Bradawl
  • Breaker bar
  • Card scraper
  • Cat's paw
  • Caulking gun
  • Clamp
  • Crowbar
  • Grease gun
  • Fish tape
  • Hammer
  • Hawk
  • Hex key
  • Impact driver
  • Jack
  • Locking pliers
  • Lug wrench
  • Mallet
  • Mitre box
  • Monkey wrench
  • Multi-tool
  • Nut driver
  • Paint roller
  • Paintbrush
  • Pipe wrench
  • Pliers
  • Plumber wrench
  • Plumber's snake
  • Plunger
  • Punch
  • Punch down tool
  • Putty knife
  • Scratch awl
  • Screwdriver
  • Sink wrench
  • Sledgehammer
  • Socket wrench
  • Spike maul
  • Staple gun
  • Stitching awl
  • Strap wrench
  • Tire iron
  • Tongue-and-groove pliers
  • Torque wrench
  • Upholstery hammer
  • Wrench
Machine and
metalworking tools
  • Automatic lathe
  • Ball-peen hammer
  • Broaching machine
  • Drill press
  • Endmill
  • English wheel
  • Gear shaper
  • Grinding machine
  • Hacksaw
  • Hobbing machine
  • Jig borer
  • Lathe
  • Metal lathe
  • Milling cutter
  • Milling machine
  • Planer
  • Plasma cutter
  • Shaper
  • Tap and die
  • Thread restorer
  • Tool bit
  • Turret lathe
  • Welder
Measuring and
alignment tools
  • Architect's scale
  • Beam compass
  • Caliper
  • Chalk box
  • Compass
  • Engineer's scale
  • Flat spline
  • Jig
  • Laser level
  • Laser line level
  • Laser measuring tool
  • Micrometer
  • Plumb-bob
  • Protractor
  • Ruler
  • Set square
  • Sliding T bevel
  • Spirit level
  • Steel square
  • Stencil
  • Straightedge
  • Tape measure
  • Weighing scale
Power tools
  • Angle grinder
  • Bandsaw
  • Belt sander
  • Blow torch
  • Circular saw
  • Concrete saw
  • Crusher
  • Cutting torch
  • Die grinder
  • Drill
  • Glue gun
  • Heat gun
  • Impact wrench
  • Jackhammer
  • Jigsaw
  • Jointer
  • Nail gun
  • Power miter saw
  • Power trowel
  • Radial arm saw
  • Random orbital sander
  • Reciprocating saw
  • Rotary tool
  • Router table
  • Sander
  • Scroll saw
  • Soldering gun
  • Soldering iron
  • Steam box
  • Table saw
  • Thickness planer
  • Wood router
  • Wood shaper
Other
  • Antique tools
  • Backscratcher
  • Bucket
  • Comb
  • Flashlight
  • Halligan bar
  • Hand truck
  • Kelly tool
  • Ladder
  • Pencil
  • Toolbox
  • Vise
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Workbench

Famous quotes containing the words plane and/or block:

    with the plane nowhere and her body taking by the throat
    The undying cry of the void falling living beginning to be something
    That no one has ever been and lived through screaming without enough air
    James Dickey (b. 1923)

    The chess pieces are the block alphabet which shapes thoughts; and these thoughts, although making a visual design on the chess-board, express their beauty abstractly, like a poem.... I have come to the personal conclusion that while all artists are not chess players, all chess players are artists.
    Marcel Duchamp (1887–1968)