Bilayer

A bilayer is a double layer of closely packed atoms or molecules.

The properties of bilayers are often studied in condensed matter physics, particularly in the context of semiconductor devices, where two distinct materials are united to form junctions (such as p-n junctions, Schottky junctions, etc).

In biology a common example is the Lipid bilayer.


Other articles related to "bilayer, bilayers":

Lipid Bilayer Fusion
... is the process by which two initially distinct lipid bilayers merge their hydrophobic cores, resulting in one interconnected structure ... If this fusion proceeds completely through both leaflets of both bilayers, an aqueous bridge is formed and the internal contents of the two structures can mix ... Alternatively, if only one leaflet from each bilayer is involved in the fusion process, the bilayers are said to be hemifused ...
Lipid Bilayer Phase Behavior
... One of the most important properties of a lipid bilayer is the relative mobility (fluidity) of the individual lipid molecules and how this mobility changes with temperature ... response is known as the phase behavior of the bilayer ... Broadly, at a given temperature a lipid bilayer can exist in either a liquid or a solid phase ...
Lipid Bilayer Mechanics
... Lipid bilayer mechanics is the study of the physical material properties of lipid bilayers, classifying bilayer behavior with stress and strain rather than biochemical interactions ... For fluid bilayers the shear modulus is by definition zero, as the free rearrangement of molecules within plane means that the structure will not support shear ... ability of proteins and small molecules to insert into the bilayer ...
Lipid Bilayer Characterization - AFM
... recent years to image and probe the physical properties of lipid bilayers ... at room temperature and even underwater, conditions necessary for natural bilayer behavior ... have allowed direct imaging of the subtle ripple phase transition in a supported bilayer ...