In psychology, the Big Five personality traits are five broad domains or dimensions of personality that are used to describe human personality. The theory based on the Big Five factors is called the Five Factor Model (FFM)
The Big Five framework of personality traits from Costa & McCrae, 1992 emerged as a robust model for understanding the relationship between personality and various academic behaviors. The Big Five factors are:
- Openness (inventive/curious vs. consistent/cautious)
- Conscientiousness (efficient/organized vs. easy-going/careless)
- Extraversion (outgoing/energetic vs. solitary/reserved)
- Agreeableness (friendly/compassionate vs. cold/unkind)
- Neuroticism (sensitive/nervous vs. secure/confident)
Acronyms commonly used to refer to the five traits collectively are OCEAN, NEOAC, or CANOE.
Beneath each factor, a cluster of correlated specific traits are found; for example, extraversion includes such related qualities as gregariousness, assertiveness, excitement seeking, warmth, activity and positive emotions.
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... notes Zakaria Paliashvili writes "...in our big family, my brothers and sisters displayed a natural gift of music even in their early age ... support of Lado Agniashvili, a well-known public personality of those days, took a place in Tbilisi in 1886 ... He made such big progress in this field, that the school choir and orchestra soon began giving public concerts ...
... question is are the five factors the right ones? Attempts to replicate the Big Five in other countries with local dictionaries have succeeded in some countries but not in others ... In an attempt to explain variance in personality traits more fully, some have found seven factors, some eighteen, and some only three ... precedes empirical science (such as factor analysis), the Big Five and other proposed factor structures should always be judged according to the items that went into the ...
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