The Bengal famine of 1943 (Bengali: পঞ্চাশের মন্বন্তর) struck the Bengal province of pre-partition India following the Japanese occupation of Burma. Estimates are that between 1.5 and 4 million people died of starvation, malnutrition and disease, out of Bengal’s 60.3 million population, half of them dying from disease after food became available in December 1943 As in previous Bengal famines, the highest mortality was not in previously very poor groups, but among artisans and small traders whose income vanished when people spent all they had on food and did not employ cobblers, carpenters, etc.
Read more about Bengal Famine Of 1943: Onset, Lack of Statistics, Government Inaction, Why Bengal Was Refused Food, Supplies From Other Countries, Administrative and Policy Failures, Food Prices, News Reports and Literature, Revisionists
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... Amartya Sen (1976) revived the claim that there was no shortage of food in Bengal and that the famine was caused by inflation, with those benefiting from inflation ... Sen claimed that there was in fact a greater supply in 1943 than in 1941, when there was no famine ... He rejected, without reasons, the calculations of The Famine Inquiry Commission, Afzal Husain, Mahalanobis, Pinnell (1945) and Braund (1945), each of whom had addressed all the evidence available ...
... The Bengal famine of 1943 reached its peak between July and November of that year, and the worst of the famine was over by early 1945 ... Famine fatality statistics were unreliable, and it is estimated up to two million died ... Although one of the causes of the famine was the cutting off of the supply of rice to Bengal during the fall of Rangoon to the Japanese, this was only a fraction of the food needed for the region ...
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