Battery Cages

Some articles on battery cages, cages, cage, battery, battery cage:

Battery Cage
... In poultry farming, battery cages (sometimes called factory farming) are an industrial agricultural confinement system used primarily for egg-laying hens ... The name comes from the lines of similar cages connected together, sharing common divider walls ... Although the term is usually applied to poultry, similar cage systems are used in fur farming for mink, chinchilla and foxes ...
California Proposition 2 (2008) - Health and Food Safety
... Supporters of Proposition 2 say that increased density of birds in battery cages leads to increased incidence of Salmonella in eggs ... They also say that housing battery cages are very difficult to keep clean and are often are infested by large numbers of flies and rats ... An article entitled "The pros and cons of cages" published in the World's Poultry Science Journal in 2001 concludes that cages result in increased hygiene and lower incidence of ...
Battery Cage - History
... An early reference to battery cages appears in Milton Arndt's 1931 book, Battery Brooding, where he reports that his cage flock was healthier and had higher egg production than ... At this early date, battery cages already had the sloped floor that allowed eggs to roll to the front of the cage, where they were easily collected by the farmer and out of the hens' reach ... Arndt also mentions the use of conveyor belts under the cages to remove manure, which provides better air control quality and eliminates fly breeding ...
California Penal Code Section 597t - Court Cases - Humane Society of The United States V. State Bd. of Equalization
... arguing that sales tax exemptions for battery cages are illegal government expenditures in that they enable factory farmers to confine hens in a way that violates Pen. 4th 349 (2007), the court ruled that sales tax exemptions for battery cages are not illegal and so do not constitute wasteful government ... The court did not address whether battery cages violate Pen ...
Battery Cage - Welfare Concerns - Cage Size
... of age, pullets (hens which have not yet started to lay) are placed into cages ... In countries with relevant legislation, floor space for battery cages ranges upwards from 300 cm2 per bird ... The space available to each hen in a battery cage has often been described as less than the size of a sheet of A4 paper ...