Basic Law

The term basic law is used in some places as an alternative to "constitution", implying it is a temporary but necessary measure without formal enactment of constitution. A basic law is either a codified constitution, or in countries with uncodified constitutions, a law given to have constitution powers and effect. The name is usually used to imply an interim or transitory nature, or avoid attempting a claim to being "the highest law", often for religious reasons. In West Germany the term basic law (Grundgesetz) was used to indicate that the basic law was provisional until the ultimate reunification of Germany. But in 1990 no new constitution was adopted and instead the basic law was adopted throughout the entire German territory. Basic law is entrenched in that it overrides ordinary 'statute law' passed by the legislature.

The Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China, namely Hong Kong and Macao, have basic laws as their constitutional documents. The basic laws are the highest authority, respectively, in the regions, while the rights of amendment and interpretation rest with the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China.

Read more about Basic Law:  List of Basic Laws

Other articles related to "law, basic law, laws":

Courts In Germany
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Military History Of Hong Kong - PRC PLA
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Christianity In Macau - Protection By The Basic Law
... The Basic Law of Macau provides for a freedom of conscience, freedom of religious belief, freedom to preach and the freedom to conduct, and participate in, religious activities ... The Basic Law states that the government of the Macau Special Administrative Region, in accordance with its principle of religious freedom, will not interfere in the internal ...
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