Bankart Lesion

A Bankart lesion is an injury of the anterior (inferior) glenoid labrum of the shoulder due to repeated (anterior) shoulder dislocation. When this happens, a pocket at the front of the glenoid forms that allows the humeral head to dislocate into it. It is an indication for surgery and often accompanied by a Hill-Sachs lesion, damage to the posterior humeral head.

It is named after Arthur Sydney Blundell Bankart, an English orthopaedic surgeon, who lived from 1879-1951.

A bony bankart is a Bankart lesion that includes a fracture in of the anterior-inferior glenoid cavity of the scapula bone.

  • Bankart lesion seen at arthroscopy

  • Radiograph showing a bony Bankart lesion with stationary fragment at the inferior glenoid

  • CT scan showing a bony Bankart lesion at the antero-inferior glenoid]]

  • 3-D CT reconstruction of a bankart lesion which occurred post anterior shoulder dislocation. Persons humerus remains mildly superiorly subluxed. Fracture marked by a black arrow.

  • MRI of the shoulder after an anterior dislocation showing a Hill-Sachs lesion and labral Bankart lesion