Aum Shinrikyo

Aum Shinrikyo (currently known as Aleph) is a Japanese cult, listed as a terrorist organization by several countries. The group was founded by Shoko Asahara in 1984. The group gained international notoriety in 1995, when it carried out the Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway.

The name "Aum Shinrikyo" (オウム真理教, Ōmu Shinrikyō?) derives from the Sanskrit syllable Aum, which represents the universe, followed by Shinrikyo written in kanji, roughly meaning "religion of Truth". In English "Aum Shinrikyo" is usually translated as "Supreme Truth". In January 2000, the organization changed its name to Aleph in reference to the first letter of the Arabic alphabet, Hebrew alphabet and Phoenician alphabets. It changed its logo as well.

In 1995, the group claimed they had over 9,000 members in Japan, and as many as 40,000 worldwide. Police consider the existing groups Aleph and Hikari no Wa to be branches of the "dangerous religion".

Read more about Aum Shinrikyo:  Doctrine, History, Current Activities, International Opposition

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Shoko Asahara - Tokyo Subway Gas Attack, Accusations, and Trial
... On March 20, 1995, members of Aum attacked the Tokyo Subway System with the nerve gas sarin ... After finding sufficient evidence, authorities accused Aum Shinrikyo of complicity in the attack, as well as in a number of smaller-scale incidents ... Dozens of disciples were arrested, Aum's facilities were raided, and the court issued an order for Shoko Asahara's arrest ...
Aum Shinrikyo - International Opposition
... Aum Shinrikyo has been formally designated a terrorist organization by several entities, including Canada, the European Union, and the United States ...
Public Security Intelligence Agency - History
... the Japanese Red Army during the days of the Cold War, it began to conduct intelligence work on the Aum Shinrikyo after the Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway in 1995 with criticism that the PSIA did not monitor ... Strict surveillance is essential." The PSIA had investigated Aum Shinrikyo when it was revealed that the group had established software firms that ... from Joyu that his group had ended ties with Aum Shinrikyo, a PSIA official warned that his group has ties to Shoko Asahara ...
Terrorism And Counter-terrorism In Kazakhstan - Banned Terrorist Organizations - Aum Shinrikyo and East Turkestan Liberation Organization
... Office and the Supreme Court to add Aum Shinrikyo and the East Turkestan Liberation Organization to the list of banned terrorist organizations on 15 September 2006 ... Amerkhanov said the National Security Committee (KNB) prevented an Aum Shinrikyo cell from forming in Kyzylorda ...
Antisemitism In Japan - History - Post-World War II
... Aum Shinrikyo, a controversial Buddhist religious group, also distributed conspiracy theories to attract the Japanese readers as part of their recruitment efforts ... Some argue that Goto Ben's books had reportedly had influences on Aum Shinrikyo publications of this time ... It is reported that Hideo Murai, one of the leaders of Aum Shinrikyo, uttered "Yudaya ni yarareta (Jews got me)." when he was stabbed to death ...