Associators - Loyalist Associators

Loyalist Associators

Loyalist irregulars who fought with the British in the American Revolutionary War were also known as Associators. They received no pay, and often no uniforms; they were usually issued provisions, but relied on labor or looting to earn money.

Loyalist Associators often served in mixed-race units, composed of whites, escaped slaves, and even American Indians.

Perhaps the most famous Associator was Colonel Tye; the first (depending on your definition) black officer in North American military history.

Associator units included:

  • Associated Loyalists
  • Brant's Volunteers (Technically a Mohawk company, but actually composed of 80% white Loyalists)
  • Hatfield's Company of Partisans
  • King’s Militia Volunteers
  • Loyal American Association
  • Loyal Associated Refugees
  • Loyal Irish Volunteers
  • Loyal Newport Associators
  • Loyal Refugee Volunteers
  • Maryland Royal Retaliators
  • Pepperell's Corps
  • Robins' Company of Partisans
  • Royal North British Volunteers
  • Sharp's Refugee Marines
  • Uzal Ward's Company of Refugees

These units were sometimes commissioned by the commander in chief, but could also be commissioned by the commander of a garrison or even a governor.

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Famous quotes containing the word loyalist:

    In the genuine hope that this peace will be permanent, we take the opportunity to pay homage to all our fighters, commandos and volunteers who have paid the supreme sacrifice. They did not die in vain. The union is safe.
    —Combined Loyalist Military Command. New York Times, p. A12 (October 14, 1994)