Artillery

Originally applied to any group of infantry primarily armed with projectile weapons, artillery has over time become limited in meaning to refer only to those engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the effective range of personal weapons. These engines comprise specialised devices which use some form of stored energy to operate, whether mechanical, chemical, or electromagnetic. Originally designed to breach fortifications, they have evolved from nearly static installations intended to reduce a single obstacle to highly mobile weapons of great flexibility in which now reposes the greater portion of a modern army's offensive capabilities.

Since the development of cannon, the word "artillery" in practice has largely meant cannon; in contemporary usage it usually refers to shell-firing guns, howitzers, mortars, and rockets.

In common speech the word artillery is often used to refer to individual devices, together with their accessories and fittings, although these assemblages are more properly referred to as equipments. By association, artillery may also refer to the arm of service that customarily operates such engines.

Artillery may also refer to a system of applied scientific research relating to the design, manufacture and employment of artillery weapon systems although, in general, the terms ballistics and ordnance are more commonly employed in this sense.

Artillery is the most lethal form of land-based armament; in the Napoleonic Wars, World War I and World War II the vast majority of combat deaths were caused by artillery. In 1944, Joseph Stalin said in a speech that artillery was "the God of War".

Read more about Artillery:  Artillery Piece, Crew, Etymology, History, Ammunition, Field Artillery System, Classification of Artillery, Modern Operations

Other articles related to "artillery":

Honourable Artillery Company - History
... defence of the realm to be known as the Fraternity or Guild of Artillery of Longbows, Crossbows and Handgonnes ... This body was known by a variety of names until 1656, when it was first referred to as the Artillery Company ... It was first referred to as the Honourable Artillery Company in 1685 and officially received the name from Queen Victoria in 1860 ...
Artillery - Modern Operations - Air Burst
... The destructiveness of artillery bombardments can be enhanced when some or all of the shells are set for airburst, meaning that they explode in the air above the target instead of upon impact ... Since December 1944 (Battle of the Bulge), proximity fuzed artillery shells have been available that take the guesswork out of this process ...
Weapons of World War I Trench Warfare - Artillery
... Artillery dominated the battlefields of trench warfare ... if it advanced beyond the range of its supporting artillery ... In addition to bombarding the enemy infantry in the trenches, the artillery could be used to precede infantry advances with a creeping barrage, or engage in ...
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2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery 24/08/42-26/09/44 4th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery 21/09/42-25/10/43 11th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery 24/08/42-26/09/44 60th Anti-Tank ...
2nd Guards Field Artillery
... The 2nd Guards Field Artillery Regiment (German 2 ... Garde-Feldartillerie-Regiment) was an artillery unit in the Imperial German Army prior to and during the First World War ...

Famous quotes containing the word artillery:

    We now demand the light artillery of the intellect; we need the curt, the condensed, the pointed, the readily diffused—in place of the verbose, the detailed, the voluminous, the inaccessible. On the other hand, the lightness of the artillery should not degenerate into pop-gunnery—by which term we may designate the character of the greater portion of the newspaper press—their sole legitimate object being the discussion of ephemeral matters in an ephemeral manner.
    Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1845)

    Another success is the post-office, with its educating energy augmented by cheapness and guarded by a certain religious sentiment in mankind; so that the power of a wafer or a drop of wax or gluten to guard a letter, as it flies over sea over land and comes to its address as if a battalion of artillery brought it, I look upon as a fine meter of civilization.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)