Arawakan Languages - Characteristics

Characteristics

The languages called Arawakan or Maipuran were originally recognized as a separate group in the late nineteenth century. Almost all the languages now called Arawakan share a first-person singular prefix nu-, but Arawak proper has ta-. Other commonalities include a second-person singular pi-, relative ka-, and negative ma-.

The Arawak language family, as constituted by L. Adam, at first by the name of Maypure, has been called by Von den Steinen "Nu-Arawak" from the prenominal prefix " nu " for the first person, common to all the Arawak tribes scattered along the coasts from Dutch Guiana to British Guiana.

In upper Paraguay, are also found tribes speaking the Arawak tongue; the Quinquinaos, the Layanas, etc. (This is the Moho-Mbaure group of L. Quevedo). In the islands of Marajos, in the middle of the estuary of the Amazon, there dwelt a few decades ago the Aruan people, who spoke an Arawak dialect, and in the peninsula of Goajira (north of Venezeula) is the Goajires tribe, which also belongs to the same language family. In 1890–95 De Brette estimated there to be 3,000 individuals.

C. H. de Goeje's published vocabulary of 1928 outlines the Lokono/Arawak (Dutch and Guiana) 1400 items, mostly morphemes (stems, affixes) and morpheme partials (single sounds) – rarely compounded, derived, or otherwise complex sequences; and from Nancy P. Hickerson's British Guiana manuscript vocabulary of 500 items. However, most entries which reflect acculturation are direct borrowings from one or another of three model languages (Spanish, Dutch, English). Of the 1400 entries in de Goeje, 106 reflect European contact; 98 of these are loans. Nouns which occur with the verbalizing suffix described above number 9 out of the 98 loans.

Read more about this topic:  Arawakan Languages

Other articles related to "characteristics":

Democratic Party – Demokraci.pl - History - Characteristics
... In 2001, these frictions - combined with the prospect of a devastating defeat in the upcoming election - led to an exodus of conservative and liberal conservative members around Tusk who joined former members of the UW's senior coalition partner, the conservative Solidarity Electoral Action, to form the new party Civic Platform. ...
Gary Becker - Discrimination
... as defined by Kenneth Arrow is "the valuation in the market place of personal characteristics of the worker that are unrelated to worker productivity." Personal ...
Orion (constellation) - Characteristics
... There are alternative ways to visualise Orion ... From the Southern Hemisphere, Orion is oriented south-upward, and the belt and sword are sometimes called the saucepan or pot in Australia and New Zealand ...
History Of Mexico - Prehistory and Pre-Columbian Civilizations - Religion
... They frequently took on different characteristics and even names in different areas, but in effect they transcended cultures and time ... collection of existing gods may have been one of the shaping characteristics for the success during the Christianization of Mesoamerica ... growing family of deities or were merged with existing ones that seemed to share similar characteristics or responsibilities ...